Covid-19 archive

Please note this is only provisional information based on the information our in country teams have been able to access. To view the archive for Cape Town and Tunis click page 2 and 3 at the end of the page

Draft report 10-27 February 2021

Cape Town

Current cases 27.2.2021; 1.510.778

Current deaths 27.2.2021: 49.784.

Government implementations

18.2.2021. The transport MEC Bonginkosi Madikizela has met with two taxi organisations after a fatal shooting in Bellville where 3 people died, and one wounded. He said that he will engage with taxi organisations to prevent violence. It is believed that the people were killed was due to taxi violence. On the same day the Codeta taxi association distributed flyers to staff transporters, sedan taxi drivers and e-hailing services (Uber and Bolt) that they should stop taking their customers or face fines.

18.2.2021. The transport minister, Fikile Mbalula is outlining a number of initiatives that are being working on, including a plan to scrap about 63.000 taxis and to finalise the issue on e-tolls. The plan is to prioritise a road to rail shift. Road users have complained about the e-toll system since its reception in 2013 leading to the non-payment by many. The new transport model will include a focus on buses. New fines will also be reviewed.

10.2.2021. In his state of the nation address in 2020 President Cyril Ramaphosa announced that  R.1.4 billion will be spent on fixing the central line. But a year afterwards, PRASA (Passenger rail agency of South Africa) has not spent the money. This is partly due to the covid-19 pandemic and lockdown but also due to internal capacity challenges. The plan is to open the services to Langa by February 2021, and services from Khayelitsha to Mitchells Plain between September and December 2021 provided that illegal settlements are removed.


23.2.2021. Workers, unions expect to hear what options KAP Industrial holdings considered before they decided to close Greyhound, Magic Transfers and Mega bus services. About 700 workers have been impacted by this and many face unemployment/hardships caused by this.

23.2.2021. The unemployment rate in South Africa has risen to 32.5 %, and is particularly concentrated among youth (mostly 15-34) and black Africans (an unemployment rate of 36.5.%). Those with lowers levels of education have been more likely to receive a reduced pay during the pandemic.

20. 2.2021. Even though the central line has been opened, thousands of travellers are still looking for alternative means of transport. The train currently runs from Cape Town to Langa station but is meant to run to Chris Hani station and Kapteinsklip. There are about 8000 shacks around the train tracks that have been there for several years. Some residents argue that they must provide them with land and that it is not due to the settlements that the train stopped but rather cable theft.

19.2.2020. About 400 pupils from Forest Village are learning under a tree as their parents are demanding an IsiKhosa medium school in the area. The parents say that they were moved from informal settlements (Khayelitsha, Nyanga and Philippi) and that they cannot afford to transport their children back to these schools. The provincial education department say that they have attempted to transport the children to nearby schools, but the parents have refused this.

19.2. 2021. 5 suspects have been arrested following robberies on Golden Arrow buses. This was revealed by the Golden Arrow general manager on Tuesday the 16.2.2021.

16.2.2021.The Langa to Cape Town line took off on the 15 February after more than a year out of service due to cable theft and vandalism. However, one of the commuters was not impressed due to the train getting stuck on the way. Prasa’s board person Leonard Ramatlakane said that PRASA owed it to communities to reintroduce a safe, reliable and affordable public transport during tough covid-19 times.



Current cases 27.2.2021: 155.076

Current deaths 27.2.2021: 1902


Government implementations.

28.2.2021 The presidential task force announced that four million doses of the covax vaccine will arrive on Tuesday the 2 March.

21.2.2021. The health minister in Nigeria has disclosed that Nigeria might get access to covid-19 vaccines in 10 days. A week early the national agency for food and drug administration and control (NAFDAC) approved the Oxford/AstraZeneca covid-19 vaccine for use in Nigeria.

14.2.2021. The Nigerian Customs Service will implement tariff reductions on vehicles before the end of February. The president has signed the finance bill in December 2020(31) stipulation downward review of excise duty on tractors and motor vehicles. 


28.1.2021 Most filling stations were shut in Abuja on Sunday morning and there were long queues to buy petrol.

26.2.2021. The average fare paid by a commuter travelling on a motorcycle (okada) has decreased by 11.6%. Commuters are hence paying less than in December 2020. The current price is (N259.33) compared to (N293.36) in December. Transportation costs take a large part of the budget for lower/middle class Nigerians.

13.2.2021. The airports council international have accredited two of Nigeria’s international airports in its health accreditation programme.  These include the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport Abuja and the Port Harcourt International Airport Omagwa, Rivers State. The programme is designed to assess how aligned airport health measures are with restart guidelines

10.2.2021. Travel agencies in Nigeria have recorded a 46.9% loss in sales in 2020 as a result of the pandemic. The president of the Nigerian Travel Agencies (NANTA) has urged the federal government to hasten up the process of acquiring the covid-19 vaccine.



Current cases 27.2.2021: 231.964

Current deaths 27.2.2021: 7942


Government implementations

19.2.2021. The Ministry of Transport and Logistics, Tunisair and TAV Tunisia reached an agreement to unblock the crisis and reschedule debts on the 19 February 2021.


26.2.2021- Journalists, activists and influencers have started a campaign advocating for positive masculinity. The campaign responds to the violence against women during confinement. The project in Tunisia calls on men in Tunisia to demonstrate positive masculinity.

24.2.2021. Despite the impact of the pandemic business leaders in Tunisia are cautiously optimistic about the outlook for 2021 and the rebound in economic activity. This is based on a survey (economic situation barometer) focusing on health, political crisis, economic difficult and recurring tension. The effects of covid-19 have been particularly strong in the tourism, transport, textile and aeronautics sectors where 13% consider the impact to be very strong.

23.2.2021. The Tunisian Federation of Travel Agencies (FTAV) has asked the minister to make it compulsory for passengers to go through travel agencies. This is with the intention of involving travel agencies in the fight against covid-19. Tunisia welcomed 400.000 tourists in 2020.

20.2.2021. In an article in Lapress Chokri Gharbi points out that unemployment is on the rise due to the covid-19 pandemic and unemployment has gained new proportions following the dismissal of several staff. The unemployment rate rose to 17.4% in the fourth quarter of 2020. Companies have suffered because of the pandemic and urgently need financial resources.

17.2.2021. The Tunis-Carthage interchange will be open to traffic by April 2021. The project has costed about 68 million dinars. This road is considered an important infrastructure in Greater Tunis.

11.2.2021. On the 8th of February it was the international day of women and girls in science and in Tunis they held a press conference to shine a spotlight on women in society and women’s skills in various fields. Wiem Sfar Zaoui, who is an air traffic controller at Monastir, emphasised that 20%, or one in five women, hold a position of responsibility in the field of air transport.


Draft report 22 January to 9 February 2021

South Africa

Current cases 9.2. 1,479.256

Current deaths 9.2. 46.869

Cape Town

Government implementations

1.2.2020. South Africa will remain in level 3, but the alcohol ban has been lifted, and restrictions on worship have been eased. The curfew will now run from 11 pm to 4 am. Religious gatherings are allowed with 50 people inside, and 100 people outside. Rivers, parks and beaches will be opened.

2.2.2021. The city of Cape Town has approved more than R10 million for covid-19 food relief

2.2.2021. The first dose of the covid-19 vaccination has arrived in South Africa on the 1 February 2021. Minibus drivers, teachers, hotel and restaurant workers will be prioritised in phase two

2.2.2021. International flights can land and departure South Africa during curfew (11 pm to 4 am). Passengers who are going to the airport in these hours can transport themselves during curfew as long as they provide proof in the form of a boarding pass/airline ticket.

1.2.2021.The department of transport in Western Cape wants to make emergency service vehicles safter for staff who have been subject to attacks

27.1.2021. The Western Cape Transport MEC says that it is a key priority to relocate those who have built shacks on top of the unused railway line during the pandemic.

27.1.2021. Metrorail and the Transport and Works MEC have revealed that they are going to re-introduce a train line from Cape Town to Langa.


8.2.2021. The Ukubavimba Foundation (a socio economic and social justice organisation) has lodged a complaint with the SA human rights commission against the bus company ‘Golden Arrow’. They have lodged this complaint to fight for the rights of the poor who have been robbed on Golden Arrow buses.

8.2.2021. Three taxi bosses were killed in a week in Nyanga/Crossroads. The ANC spokesperson said that the incidences were not isolated as similar killings had happened across the province, and called on the police task force to address the killings.

4.1.2021. On the 1st February PRASA issued notice period of 10 days for shack dwellers who have been making an informal settlement along the central line. PRASA, which is Metrorail’s mother company, estimate that about 8000 people have built houses along the train tracks – some on top of the train tracks.

3.2.2021.The transport company called Greyhound will close its services (Greyhound and Citiliner buses) after 27 years of operations due to the economic impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic.

29.1.2021. The opposition parties say that it is too soon to lift the alcohol ban, as this could trigger a third wave

25.1.2021. 14 have been arrested after hijacking e-hailing drivers in Nyanga, Cape Town. The Nyanga community police forum hopes this will send a strong signal to criminals in the area.



Current cases 9.2.2021:  141447

Current deaths 9.2.2021: 1694


Government initiatives

2.2.2021. The authorities in Abuja shut down a central market (Wuse) which have been heavily guarded with police officers and soldiers. The market will be shut for three days for failing to comply with covid-19 procedures.

29.1.2021. The federal government says it will ensure strict compliance with the current health regulations, and will ensure greater awareness campaigns. The FCT will sanction organisations that do not comply and ensure an effective use of mobile courts for offenders. All road transport unions will be engaged to ensure the enforcement of the regulations.

4.2.2021. The federal government releases 27 billion Naira for a micro, small and medium enterprises survival fund that is part of the N75 billion Nigeria economic sustainable plan that is being implemented to cushion the effects of the covid-19 pandemic.

28.1.2021. The president has signed the coronavirus decease health protection 2021 which means that for instance face masks are mandatory in public places. There must be no gathering of more than 50 people in an enclosed space, except in the case of religious gatherings. Gatherings that are religious must not exceed 50% capacity of space. A person who is tested positive must isolate, and cannot refuse to do so. A physical distance of 2 meters must be always kept at gatherings. Anyone who goes against these rules will commit an offence. An offence is both punishable by a fine or a term of 6 months imprisonment.

27.1.2021. The minister of state for transportation Saraki pledges the readiness of the ministry to transport the road sector through partnerships. Saraki says that every sector in road transportation is being looked at, especially illegal transport unions.

26.1.2021. The FCT is investigating how they can vaccinate 70% of the population in the next two years against covid-19. The vaccines are expected to roll out by late March or April 2021.

 26.1. 2021. The FCT has extended the phase 3 of the eased lockdown with effect from the 26 January.

26.1.2021. The president says that the pandemic has exposed a technological gap between Nigeria and ‘the developed world’. The national agency for science and infrastructure aims to address this gap.


5.2.2021. Travel agencies protest against rapid testing at airports due to the increased costs for passengers- measures that have been implemented due to claims of fake tests.

29.1.2021. The disability rights advocate centre in collaboration with the Ford foundation has urged relevant stakeholders in the transport sector to build synergies to enable access to transportation facilitates for people with disabilities.



Current cases 9.2.2021: 218564

Current deaths 9.2.2021: 7332


Government initiatives

8.2.2021. The first doses of the vaccine are expected in late February 2021.

5.2.2021. Passengers, who are entering Tunisia due to emergencies or deaths in their families must present a negative PCR test not exceeding 24 hours from that of the flight. Moreover, the passenger must present a death certificate of the deceased. The airline companies must verify these documents ensuring the family ties, and hand out documents to the health controls upon arrival. The passenger must wear a mask, keep a distance and stick to hand hygiene.

1.2.2021. From the 1 February travellers arriving in Tunisia will have to isolate themselves for 7 days at their expense in dedicated hotels. Only special vehicles will allow to transport them to these hotels

29.1.2021.The ministers for transport and logistics, communication technologies and the digital economy signed two strategic partnership agreements – one between the Tunisian post office and Tunis air an another between the Tunisian navigation company and the Tunisian post office. The agreements concern sales and electronic payments. Customers can join the Tunisian posts remote payment system using both international and national payment cards.

26.1.2021. Those who return to Tunisia on short trips (5 days or less) must present a negative PCR test taken 72 hours before boarding. They must also commit to compulsory confinement in a dedicated centre at their own expense and carry out a COVID-19 test on the 7th day. If this is negative, they can leave the centre. Exceptional authorisations can be given by the containment commission.


27.1.2021. The general federation of secondary education has called for general confinement due to the catastrophic epidemiological situation. The federation also points to the lack of equipment in schools.

23.1.2021. On the 23rd January there were demonstrations in Tunis against police repression and to demand for better policies during the covid-19 pandemic, when family families are struggling with their finances. This follows several nights of political unrest and violence. The curfew between 8 and 5 am has been extended until mid February.


Draft report 7 January to 21 January 2021.

South Africa

Current cases 21.1.2021: 1, 369,426

Current deaths 21.1.2021: 38.854

Government initiatives

12.1.2021. The border posts are closed in South Africa. However, certain categories of people can travel. Entry into South Africa is permitted for the transportation of fuel, cargo, goods, and emergency medical attention. The home affairs minister may also allow the entry or exit from SA for the return of a South African national, a permanent resident or a long-term visa holder. The minister may also allow the entry or exit of South Africa for funeral purposes, for diplomats, for the deportation of foreign nationals and the departure of a foreign national to his or her country. A SA national or permanent resident will be permitted to go to his or her place of employment, study or residence outside South Africa. Daily commuters who attend school in South Africa will also be allowed to cross the border. Travellers will be subject to compliance with health protocols, e.g., the screening for covid-19 and quarantine or isolation. International air travel is restricted to OR Tambo, King Shaka and Cape Town international airports. Travellers arriving at these destinations must provide a negative covid-19 test obtained no more than 72 hours. The transport of carbo to and from other countries is permitted (rail, ocean, air and road).

11.1.2021. South Africa will remain in lockdown 3. The curfew hours are changed from 9 pm to 5 am and the ports of entry in the country are closed until the 15th February. The sale, distribution and transportation of alcohol is not allowed. The administration is working on securing 20 million vaccine doses by the first quarter of 2021.


18.1.2021. An activist from Mitchell’s Plain starts a taxi service for women called ’ladies own transport’ due to wanting to protect women from sexual assaults when travelling on public transport.

18.1.2021. Metrorail has suspended its train services for the rest of January due to vandalism.

15.1.2021. The city of Cape Town has called on the Minister of Cooperative Governance and traditional affairs to extend the current curfew from 9 pm to 11 pm due to businesses struggling to keep their businesses going.

14.1.2021. The national taxi alliance (NTA) wants the government to prioritise the taxi industry when they roll out covid-19 vaccinations. The NTA wants the government to recognise the taxi industry as an essential service and to earmark the vaccine to drivers and taxi rank operators.

14.1.2021.  The transport union, UNTU, are saddened by the loss of members to covid-19. The passenger rail agency of South Africa (PRASA) lost four of its members, and three workers working for UNTU died in the last week. The union appealed to all South Africans to follow covid-19 guidelines.

10.1.2021. The army ais controlling the streets of Cape Town. They started operations on the Cape Town metro on the 5th January 2021 and the garden route on Saturday the 9th. The deployments already covered Khayalitcha, Nyanga, Delft, kraaifontein, Mfuleni, Mitchell’s plane, Lentegeur, Samora Machel. They focused on enforcing the curfew between 9 pm and 6 am.

6.1.2021. Soldiers will be deployed in the Cape Town area, due to the closure of the beach. The Police minister General Bheki Cele said that tourists who come to surf there are undermining the undermining the South African state.


Current cases 21.1.2021: 114.691

Current deaths 21.1.2021: 1.478

Government initiatives

20.1.2021.The federal government has launched a Rapid response register that will enable households to get N5000.

14.1.2021. The federal government are targeting 160.000 vulnerable women/rural women for a cash benefit of N200.000 to cushion the effects of covid-19.

14.1.2021. The government begins test booking for an e-ticketing platform for the Nigerian Railway cooperation. They will inaugurate this service next week. The e-ticketing service will start with the Abuja to Kaduna highway. Many twitter followers expressed hope that this would eradicate touts at train stations.

12.1.2021. The federal government said that they will continue to support micro, small and medium enterprises in collaboration with the private sector. The MSMEs Survival Fund grant scheme includes Payroll Support, Artisans and Transport support tracks and was designed to cushion the effects of the covid-19 pandemic especially to those in small businesses.


18.1.2021. More than 8000 passengers have accessed an e-ticketing service on the Abuja to Kaduna train service three days after the test run of the portal. However, passengers complained that there were a limited e-tickets available and that ticket racketeering remained unchanged.

17.1.2021. An article in Nigerian Tribune touches on the issue of women in transport (particularly in Lagos and Ogun states). Kola Muhammed argues that there are a growing number of women venturing into road transport business often due to harsh economic conditions and the need to survive. Some of these women are single or widows. Many of the women cannot afford a tricycle of their own and need to rent tricycles. Kola Muhammed also reports that there is a growing concern that there should be more women in leaderships positions in the national union of transport workers (NURTW)

7.1.2021. The Abuja green painted taxi operators are a newly created on demand car hire and logistics service, NAIRAXI. People will be able to book online in the NAIRAXI APP. According to the chairman of the Abuja painted taxi operators the service is the most legal and most used serviced in the federal capital area. The chairman said that Bolt and Uber are operating illegally due to their lack of licensing.



Current cases 21.1.2021: 188.373

Current deaths 21.1.202: 5921

Government initiatives

18.1.2021. A return to almost normal will be observed on the 18 January after 4 days of general confinement. Administrative schedules will be restored in which officials will work every other day from the 18 to the 24 January. The Tunisian post office will be open from 8 am to 2 pm. The curfew will be from 8 pm to 5 am. Classes of all levels will be suspended until the 24 January. Transport services are authorised to transport people between governates if they have a permit. Individual, collective, and public transport will resume services. The targeted confinement is particularly concerned with the prohibition of demonstrations, gatherings and travel between cities, as well as the curfew and the organisation of work groups, and remote working. Mosques are open on the 18.1.2021 but the elderly are urged not to come. Shops will be reopened.

13.1.2020. The government in Tunisia decides to institute general confinement from the 14th to the 17th January, except the supply of vital sectors, and with a curfew from 4 pm to 6 am the following day. Private and public courses (e.g. basic education and higher education) are suspended from the 13th to the 24th January, as well as events, cafes and restaurants (take away allowed). Chairs will be removed from cafes. Private companies must opt for teleworking. There will be a system whereby workers work by alteration or remotely.

13.1.2021. The ministry of transport announced that urban transport will be limited to health care professionals, active professionals and cases of extreme necessity following the governments decision to declare general confinement from the 14-17 January. These measures have been taken to ensure that students can return to their cities within 24 hours, starting from Wednesday the 13th Jan.  An appeal has been launched to reschedule internal Tunis air express flights.  Public transport will resume on the 18th of January in compliance with the curfew.


18.1.2021. For the fourth night in a row Tunisia is experiencing unrest (Ettadhamen, Intilaka, Zahrouni, Kasserine, Beja and Monastir (acts of looting and vandalism).  The police are mobilised in these areas and have confronted young people who have initiated the unrest.

18.1.2021. Tunisair have said that they will keep the flight schedule unchanged during the four days of confinement from the 14-17 January. Tunisair invites its passengers to comply with health protocols

16.1.2021. In an article in Lapresse. Hela Sayadi reports that there were a lot of crowds on public transport just before general confinement was announced with scenes of passengers struggling to get a seat. In the article it is argued that the ministry of transport should improve transport services to offer a minimum of comfort, availability and safety.

15.1-16.2021. Clashes erupted between security forces and demonstrators in Sousse, Kef, Bizerte and Tunis (Cité Ettadhamen, Tébourba, Sidi Hssine). Security forces used tear gas to disperse demonstrators who were setting care tires on fire.

12.1.2021.The scientific committee to the fight against coronavirus held a meeting on the 12 January 2012 encouraging the application of stronger prevention methods – the wearing of masks and physical distancing and maybe they will unveil new positions related to schools, public transport and the regions worst hit by the pandemic

11.1.2021. The vaccine will be available in Tunisia at the end of March 2021 (free for everyone but not mandatory). Tunisia intends to vaccine 20% of the population to curb the virus and 30% to stop the virus. The curfew is in place from 8 pm-5 am 7 days a week.


Draft report 22 December to 6 January 2021


Current cases (6.1.2021):92,705

Current deaths (6.1.2021); 1319

Government initiatives

6.1.2021. The World Health organisation has authorised the Pfizer vaccine for covid-19 immunization in Nigeria. It will be available for emergency use. The FCT have had talks with China to access covid-19 vaccines in the country. Nigeria hopes to get 42 million vaccines through the Covax scheme. The federal government expects that they will receive the first batch of the vaccine by the end of January.  The federal government has signed an agreement with the National Primary Healthcare Development agency and the Global Vaccine Alliance Initiative (Gavi) to access the vaccines.

6.1.2021. The Comptroller General of the Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS), Mohammed Babandede, said that they will revoke visas for foreign travellers if they do not display a covid-19 certificate when arriving in the country

4.1.2021. The federal government has announced that there will be travel restrictions for 100 international travellers, who had allegedly flouted the 7-day mandatory PCR Test upon arriving. The travellers will be prevented from travelling out of the country. The Nigerian Immigration service has not been informed.

22.12.2020. Civil servants from Grade Level 12 and below must stay at home for 5 weeks; bars, nightclubs, pubs, recreational venues and event centers will be closed in all states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). Restaurants must be closed except those providing takeaway, home deliveries, drive-ins and services to hotel residents. Formal and informal events such as weddings and conferences have been restricted to no more than 50 people.  Events with more than 50 people should be held outdoors. Public transportation systems can carry 50% of their usual capacity. The task force is having discussions with the aviation and health authorities regarding restrictions of international travels due to the new strain.


6.1. 2021. The team leader of the presidential committee on clearing of Apapa port and Access Roads, Kayode Opeifa, announced that the N10bn Covid-19 intervention fund for road transport workers and operators in Nigeria was very insufficient

4.1.2021. A newspaper reporter from the Guardian in Kaduna state has designed an app, Trainwise, that enables travellers to book their travel from Kaduna to Abuja and Lagos to Ibadan through an app on their mobile phones

1.1.2021. An article in talks about the growth of the e-hailing service PlentyWaka during the pandemic. One of the reasons for this growth is due to the company transporting essential workers and essential goods and services.

20.12.2020. The number of passengers who test positive after their 7th day are increasing which may have contributed to a recent spike in cases. Some are not abiding to test requirements due to weak enforcement systems.


Draft report 5 Nov -21 December


Current cases (21.12.2020): 78.790

Current deaths (21.12.2020: 1227


Government initiatives

21.12.2020. The government announces 5 weeks of restrictions, involving large gatherings (religious, sporting events and recreational activities). All government staff on GL 12 are to stay at home. There is also a compulsory closure of schools. It may also impose a fresh travel ban. On social media there is speculation about whether they will be another nationwide lockdown.

18.12.2020. The FRSC (federal road safety corps) warns road users about violating traffic rules and regulations (as well as COVID-19 regulations) in Plateau, Benue and Nasarawa. Persons who fail to comply will risk arrest and prosecution. The special operation from the 15 December to 15 January focuses on speeding, dangerous driving, overtaking, lane and route violation, obstruction, use of a mechanically deficient vehicle and mobile phone use while driving. Covid-19 regulations include a 50% loading capacity, social distancing and face mask use for all passengers. Passengers should use hand sanitizer or wash hands, and caution their drivers whenever they attempt to break the rules.

18.12.2020. The Nigerian government declares the highest number of covid-19 cases since February with 930 cases in one day. The minister of health warned that many people will want to travel during the festive season. He urged everyone to stay where they are, unless they have an urgent need to travel, and not to visit people, unless necessary.

17.12. 2020. In Nigeria there is a nation-wide curfew from 1 am to 4 am. Bars and nightclubs must be shut. Outdoor sporting activities can resume, but public gatherings remain restricted. Gatherings in enclosed spaces are limited to 50 people with the use of facemasks and social distancing measures. Civil servants must resume work at public offices. Domestic flights and interstate travel have resumed in Nigeria. Some academic activities can restart. International flights can resume only at Murtala Muhammed International Airport (in Lagos) and Nnamdi Azikwa International Airport (ABV) in Abuja. Travellers must display a negative PCR test taken within 5 days and all travellers must self-isolate for 7 days regardless of the test.

15.12.2020. The minister of communications and digital economy, Isa Pantami, said that his minister will work with the federal government to set up ‘Smart cities’ in major cities such as Abuja, which will digitalise the entire city with the aim to improve digital transactions and security.

7.12.2020. The Federal government discloses the requirements that applicants of a 30,000 transport grant are expected to meet. The scheme is meant for uber, bolt (ride sharing), keke (tricycle) riders, okada riders (motorbike) and cart pushers among others. They are required to apply through registered organisations such as the okada or keke association or National Union of Transport workers. More details listed in the weblink.

 8.12.2020. 59.000 artisan beneficiaries have been paid across 24 states as part of the FCT survival fund. Artisans and transport business operators are targeted through the scheme to help reduce the loss of income during the covid-19 pandemic


15.12.2020. Travellers in Nigeria decry the sudden increase in airfares and urged the government to intervene. Airfares have gone up with 100-120% in the last week

9.12.2020. The Afri-China Media Centre urges the government to replicate the Abuja integrated transport system (such as the railway linking Abuja to Kaduna) to other states which might improve congestion and other transport issues.


Current cases (3.12.2020): 67.838

Draft report Abuja. 19 Nov-4. Dec 2020

Current deaths (3.12.2020): 1176


Government initiatives

1.12.2020.  The Federal Government rolls out a grant for transport operators to overcome the challenges of the covid-19 pandemic. The track will give a one-off grant (Naira 30.000) to qualified individuals operating in the transport sector.

30.11.2020 The president rolls out an Autogas programme with the vision of making gas the first choice, as a cheaper and greener form of energy in 2021.

24.11.2020. On the 25th November 16 days of activism against gender-based violence will begin. The federal and state levels have established a tool for gender-based violence data management. It will document forms of violence against women and girls.

24.11.2020. The minister of transport has apologised to Nigerians for the breakdown of the Abuja-Kaduna train breaking down between the 18.11. and 20.11.2020. The ministry has invited the Chinese to fix the mechanical problem.

19.11.2020. Military and police control Abuja – Kaduna road to prevent abductions.

18.11.2020. The federal government will slash import duties on tractors, buses and others in the financial bill of 2020 to cushion the current economic conditions. This will include tax incentives including import duty reductions from 35 to 10%, and 0% on tractors, transport vehicles and co, and a 50% reduction of minimal tax.


4.12.2020.  The VSF (A covid-19 Victims support fund) foundation is supporting vulnerable and disadvantaged members of the community with a funding scheme that makes up N.1.3 billion.

1.12.2020. The management of the Abuja metro light rail have said that they will commence operations as soon as the federal government will lift restrictions. The operations of the metro were suspended due to covid-19.

27.11.2020. Qatar airways commenced a flight to Abuja with the first female (Nigerian) Boeing 787 pilot.

25.11.2020. In connection with the UN’s international day for the elimination of violence against women, traditional and religious leaders urged men to protect the rights of women and girls at a summit for men (but open to women).

23.11.2020. The Chairman Senate Committee on Aviation said that airlines are cutting corners to run their airlines, which could put safety measures at risk.

25.11.2020. The Vice President of the World Federation of Engineering Organisation presented at a meeting organised by Maitama Abuja Chapter of the Nigerian society of engineers that women could be empowered to fix the challenges of the power sector.


Nigeria (3 November to 18 November 2020)

Current cases 18.11.2020: 65.693

Current deaths 18.11.2020: 1163

Government initiatives:

18.11.2020. Armed policemen have taken over a roundabout in Abuja where expected #End Sars protests are expected to be held. After a closed-door meeting with security forces, the president announced that he would not allow such protests to take place.

13.11.2020. The government in Nigeria is in the process of accessing a World Bank loan of 750 million dollars intended to stimulate the economy and support the most vulnerable households due to the covid-19 pandemic.

12.11.2020. The government in Nigeria orders air passengers to pay for a repeat PCR test 7 days after arriving in Nigeria in addition to the test conducted before travel (5 days before departure).

12.11.2020. Mr. Tola Johnson the special assistant to the president on micro, small and medium enterprises said that the federal government have installed monitoring processes to assess the impact of  N75 billion survival Fund Scheme intended for small businesses during the covid-19 pandemic. There are 4.500 beneficiaries in the transport sector, and 4500 in the artisan sector.

3.11.2020. The federal government rejects the claim that #EndSars some protesters should be put on a ‘no fly’ list claiming it was fake news.


17.11.2020. Kidnappers blocked the route from Abuja-Kaduna and Kaduna to Abuja four times.

11.11.2020. The green light initiative has started training 360 ambulance truck drivers in Abuja. It is a 3-day course focusing on safety during covid-19, such as appropriate use of PPE or road safety measures.

10.11.2020. Over N1billion worth of vehicles were removed illegally in Abuja during the #EndSars protest. Moreover, solar panels were also stolen, and an electricity transformer.

7.11.2020. The railway cooperation (NRC) announced a revenue of N1.4. billion which is less than the projected revenue of N.4.4. billion for the same period.


Draft report 17 october -2 November
Nigeria, Abuja

Current cases in Nigeria (2.11.2020): 62964

Current deaths in Nigeria (2.11.2020): 1146

Government initiatives

25.10.2020. The police in Nigeria use all their forces to stop street violence following the protests concerning SARS (Special Anti-Robbery Squad) – a protest that is about stopping police violence. President Buhari dissolved the SARS unit, days later, but the #EndSARS protestors want wider reforms in the way country is governed. Unarmed protestors were shot in Lagos on Tuesday. Amnesty International says that security forces have killed 12 people.

19.10.2020.The FCT government says that they have offered free business registration  for micro, small and medium enterprises under its survival fund scheme.


29.10.2020. Filling stations had been shut on Monday the 25th but resumed to full operations on the following Thursday. The #EndSARS protest had forced tank drivers to suspend their the movement of their petroleum trucks, due to angry protestors destructing vehicles.

27.10.2020. People invaded the Kuje Area council in Abuja in search of covid-19 palliatives as well as 100 motorcycles parked within the premises. The council’s chairman, however, had evacuated these the night before. All the fuel stations were shut down, and residents were staying indoors.

26.10.2020. The general manager of uber in Nigeria explains the challenges of the company during the pandemic. First of all the company was hit by movement restrictions, but recently the #EndSARS protests has restricted the full operation of uber due to some routes being blocked by protestors.

26.10.2020. Airlines resume following the disruption caused by the #EndSars movement, e.g flights coming to Abuja. The operators push for a disimbursement of N27 billion assist the industry through an intervention fund and the airlines were expected to get N10 billion from the government. The delay in the release of this money has caused some suspicion that the funds might have been diverted.

25.10.2020. Young people invaded warehouses in Abuja carting away covid-19 palliatives (Idu Industrial Layout taking several items such as bags of rice, matrasses, cereals and textiles. On Saturday the 24th young people had attempted to invade Cyprian Ekwensi Centre for Arts Culture, Abuja without success. Following this, the minister of state (FCT) had assured residents that palliative items were safe.

25.10.2020 The Socio-economic rights and accountability project (Serap) has asked the Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICPC) to investigate the hoarding surrounding the hoarding of covid-19 palliatives in warehouses in various states.

22.10.2020. Transportation costs have increased across the country in 2020, especially in Abuja, where the highest bus fare intercity is N4,315.22

14.10.2020. During an otherwise peaceful protest in Abuja (#EndSARs), more violent groups occupied the Berger roundabout and destroyed vehicles nearby.


Draft report 30 Sep-16 October

Current cases (16.10.2020): 60.982

Current deaths (16.10.2020): 1116

15.10.2020. The FCT bans street demonstrations following strikes about police violence, due it the strikes being in breach with coronavirus regulations

10.6.2020. Registered road transport unions will be able to benefit from the government’s N10 billion intervention fund for road transport workers and operators. Unregistered unions will not be able to.

8.10.2020. Schools are expected to resume on the 11 October. Pupils are urged to comply with covid-19 regulations

5.10.2020. The government in Nigeria approves increasing the amount of passengers on flights from 116 to 200.

4.10.2020. The national coordinator of the presidential taskforce has said that 27.000 passengers have arrived in Nigeria during the coronavirus pandemic. Dr. Sani Aliyu had explained at a webinar that free testing is not available as the government cannot afford it. The government is trying to push down the price in private laboratories for testing.

The government plans to ban vessels from operating in Nigerian waters unless they have a license (this can take 3 months)

30.9.2020. The governing Council of Public Transport Owners of Nigeria Association (PTONA) called on the minister of state for transportation to use her office to direct for quick disbursement of the covid-19 palliative fund. 


11.10.2020. Gunmen attack Pegi community in Abuja, including a former chairman of the local government area and the local transport officer.

8.10.2020. The association of private transport owners in Nigeria said that it might be forced to increase fares by 500% over multiple taxes due to needing this money for their survival. Their association’s spokesperson, Audu Gaddo, said that the government is making is impossible for operators to operate properly.  Audu Gaddo suggested that roads need to be improved, unwanted harassment by law enforcement officers should be stopped, and insecurity issues should be addressed.

9.10.2020. The Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission (NIPC) plans to collaborate with the Nigerian Shippers’ Council (NSC) in an effort to develop transport infrastructure projects in the country, including for instance truck transit parks.

9.10.2020. Mr. Fidet Okhiria, from the Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC), says that they will begin to issue electronic tickets by November 2020.


Draft report 16-29 September

Nigeria, Abuja.

Current cases in Nigeria (29.9.2020): 68.460

Current deaths in Nigeria (29.9.2020): 1,111

Government initiatives

29.9.2020. Gov. Simon Lalong of Plateau has inaugurated Max air flights from Abuja to Jos that will fly three times weekly

24.9.2020. The ministry of finance is working on rolling out tax incentives intended to spur growth in the maritime industry.

22.9.2020. The federal capital territory demolished about 1000 makeshift houses around Kukwuaba district railway corridor due to the perceived security threat.

22.9.2020 The transport minister Amaechi has stated that it is important to invest in railways and seaports to boost the economy.

19.9.2020. The Nigerian minister of health has cautioned against non-adherence to covid-19 rules in Nigeria and has warned them that the virus is real, and there is a second wave in other countries which should be prevented.

18.9.2020 The Emirate airlines has been included in the list of flights that are restricted from entering Nigeria to prevent the spread of covid-19.

The presidential task force has mandated schools to carry out weekly risk assessments on covid-19. State and local governments should conduct monthly or quarterly risk assessments.

15.9.2020. The federal government said that all domestic flights are now open for operation. However, operators that are flying into private airports need to know the status of such airports.


28.9.2020. Two major labour groups have suspended a nationwide protest (about the increased petrol and electricity prices) after a meeting with a government team. The Nigerian Labour team and the Trade Union congress have agreed to delay the application of a cost reflective electricity tariff for two weeks.

Experts in the railway sector are encouraging private sector involvement in Nigeria’s rail services and have asked the government to repeal the 1955 Railway act. The experts revealed that only one rail line has been added since independence (Abuja-Kaduna) and that increased investment would boost the nation’s economy instead of the state having monopoly.

25.9.2020. Travellers complain that covid-19 rules have been stringent and inefficient making it difficult for them to abide by the rules. Government health institutions could not conduct tests for travellers, but tests had been outsourced to private hospitals and laboratories. Passengers have complained that the tests are expensive N50,450 and that it is difficult to access the Nigeria Centre for Decease control.

22.9.2020. The Nigerian association of Road Transport workers instructs its members to end the strike after the intervention of the leadership of the Nigerian Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) and the department of state services (DDC).The union said it was satisfied with the commitments from the government bodies.

The Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) plans a strike and protest on the September 28 2020 due to increases in electricity tariff and fuel prices that have not been reduced by the government.

21.9.2020. The Nigerian Association of Road Transport owners ordered tanker drivers to halt operations nationwide on the 22.9.2020 due to the Federal Government’s ban on petroleum trucks above 45,000 from plying Nigerian roads.

22.9.2020. An editor of the guardian is critical of new measures that has stripped many Nigerians of their means of livelihood and taken a toll of transport fares and food. There has been a 100 % increase in electricity tariff. In addition, there has been a pump price of Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) with a new depot price of N151.56 per litre from N138.62 per litre. Previously, there had also been an increase in the Value Added Tax (VAT) from five per cent to 7.5 per cent.

15.9.2020. The Nigerian railway commissions denies reports that there were bandit attacks on the Abuja-Kaduna train on Monday. According to the commission it was hoodlums throwing stones.


Draft report 1-15 September 2020

Nigeria, Abuja

Current cases in Nigeria 15.9.2020: 56.388

Current deaths in Nigeria 15.9.2020:1,083

Government initiatives:

14.9.2020. The Nigerian government has explained that their decision to ban certain airlines is not motivated by politics, but based on the capacity to handle a certain amount of passengers. Air France, KLM, Etihad, Rwandair, Lufthansa, TAAG Angola Airlines, Air Namibia, and Royal Air Maroc have been denied access .Domestic flights will no longer need approval for flight operations.

A week after international flights have resumed, fares have gone up by 200% on some routes. Moreover, seats are often unavailable and flights fail to keep up to schedule. Airlines reschedule flights to ensure the maximum 200 passenger rule. The protocols state that a passenger must have a negative covid-19 test and order a new one on arrival.

10.9.2020. The Nigerian economic summit has charged the government in Nigeria to open its land borders due to the impact on economic activity and employment. The president closed the country’s land borders with Benin to stop smuggling in August 2019 (first to imported rice and later to all goods). This has lead to increased food prices and spiked inflation.

9.9.2020. The UN urges the Nigerian government to ensure that safety procedures are in place for the opening of schools. 46 million primary and secondary learners have been affected. The Nigerian government have directed school administrations to communicate with parents and students regarding safety protocols.

8.9.2020. A flight from Addis Ababa landed in Abuja. The tests cost 42,500 Naira and must be conducted within 7 days of arrival.

7.9.2020.On Monday the 7.9.2020 in Abuja president Buhari spoke about the rising petrol and electricity prices and assured the public of the government’s willingness to provide stable electricity to industries. He also said that the government is working on improving the quality of roads, rail, air and water transport infrastructure.

7.9.2020. The first international flight landed in Lagos after five months of shutdown. Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport (NAIA), Abuja was set to open on the 5th September, but there were no flights on the 6th. Strict protocols have been put in place for the reopening. At each gate there are water supplies for people to wash their hands, bags are being sanitized and temperatures are being checked.


6.9.2020. The Emirates airline have announced that they will resume passenger services to Abuja on the 9 September.

3.9.2020. The national bureau of statistics has revealed that 70% of households in Rivers, Abuja, have experienced food insecurity. The number of people engaged in business in June/July 2020 is lower than before covid-19. Even though some workers have resumed work, their incomes are still precarious. The new rate of unemployment is 27.1.%

4.9.2020. Airfrance, KLM, Etihad, Rwandair, Lufthansa, TAAG Angola Airlines, Air Namibia, and Royal Air Maroc have been denied entrance into the country. In August Nigeria vowed to implement a reciprocity clause that banned flights that had also put similar bans on Nigerian airlines.

3.9.2020. The price of petrol has increased more than three times in three months. In addition to this the interest rates of savings have reduced affecting the poor and vulnerable. The Nigerian labour congress threatens industrial action.

The presidential taskforce has reviewed the curfew that is implemented across the country. The new curfew will be from 12 midnight until 4 am. I April the curfew was from 8pm to 6am

2.9.2020. The federative executive council have approved N13 billion for the automized safety equipment at Abuja, Lagos, Kano and Port Harcourt airports, e.g refurbishing the safe tour that would make the airport more efficient.

The presidential taskforce havs met ambassadors from countries with high levels of coronavirus. This meeting was part of the preparation for opening the Nigerian airspace for international travel which has been shut since March 2020.


Report 18 August to 1 September 2020.

Nigeria, Abuja

Current cases (1.9.2020): 54,008

Current deaths (1.9.2020): 1,013

Government initiatives

1.9.2020. Interstate commercial operations were officially started in Lagos at the Terminal One of the Oshodi transport interchange. 21 ticketing booths have been created spanning eg. FCT, Abuja and other areas of Nigeria.

27.8.2020. The federal government postpones international flights billed for the 27 August 2020 and have postponed flights until the 5 September 2020.

26.8.2020. The federal government has approved a fund (N10 billion) to cushion the sufferings of road transport workers and operators that are suffering during the covid-19 pandemic.

25.8.2020. The government announces that international travellers who evade covid-19 tests in Nigeria will be put on the travel watch list or have their passports suspended. Airlines who fail to ensure that passengers have negative covid-19 tests risk being fined 3,500 dollars per passenger. No date has been set yet for the full resumption of schools.

24.8.2020. The minister of aviation declares that that the aviation sector will continue to record a sharp decline until the fourth quarter of 2021 and maybe the first quarter of 2022.

18.8.2020. The minister of transport in Nigeria says that 150 Nigerian engineers are being trained in China to operate the railway between Lagos and Ibadan. 560 Chinese out of 20.000 workers have been hired to work on the railway in Nigeria.


31.8.2020 Faan workers protest in Lagos following concession agreements for Nigeria’s four airports, fighting for their employment rights. (National Union of Air Transport Employees, Association of Nigeria Aviation Professionals and Air Transport Service Senior Staff Association). The concession plan will force many staff to be fired and the future of those that retire will be uncertain.

24.8.2020. The government’s plan to have reduced flights in Nigeria stirs angst in the airline industry. No plans have been set out which flights can operate. The guardian newspaper suggests that there might be a plot to direct airline transport to Abuja. The medical response team in Lagos is wary of the new travel protocols that might increase infection rates. The new protocol leaves quarantine and testing at the discretion of the travellers and leaves travellers with unrestricted access to the country before their covid-19 status is known.

20.8.2020. The latest data released on unemployment in Nigeria by the National Bureau of Statistics indicated that women ranked the highest when it comes to unemployment. Unemployment has risen from 25.9 % in 2018 to 31 % for women in 2020, and for men from 15.4.% in 2018 to 26,3 % in 2020.


Draft report 1-17 August. Nigeria, Abuja.

Current cases in country (17.8.2020): 49,068

Current deaths in country (17.8.2020): 975

Government interventions:

17.8.2020: The Nigerian Aviation minister announced on twitter that international flights will be open from Abuja and Lagos airports from the 29.8.2020.

The Minister of State in the Nigerian Federal Capital Territory, FCT, Dr. Ramatu Tijjani Aliyu, has assured residents that despite the impact of COVID-19 pandemic, the administration would not fail to provide essential services such as road, water and other infrastructural projects in satellite towns.

11.8.2020. The government in Nigeria has disclosed that covid-19 protocols in the transport sector will be enforced by the Federal Road Safety commission. In the new phase of the national response to the pandemic, the government will be focusing on levels of compliance within the education and transport sector.

6.8.2020. The current measures that were put in force on 1 June to prevent the spread of covid-19 have been extended. The president approved that state governments should be encouraged to collaborate with local governments to improve community sensitization regarding mask use – and should intensify measures such as contact tracing, grassroots mobilisation and risk communication. The president announced that these measures are aimed at eventually reopening for international air travel, rail transportation, for exit classes to resume ahead of examinations, for civil servants to resume work (grade level 12) and for recreational parks to open with supervised exercises. The aviation minister said that international air travel will open in Nigeria within weeks without giving a specific date.The federal capital territory administration has made it clear to schools, that any school within the territory that violates the covid-19 guidelines, will be shut.

4.8.2020. The federal Capital Territory Administration announced that schools will reopen for students in their final classes on the 4 august (JSS3 and SS3).

3.8.2020: The president announced that he will not be receiving Sallah homage (eid) by religious or party/government leaders and encourages citizens to use facemasks and avoid large gatherings.


15.8.2020. The Nigeria Railway Cooperation discloses that it has collaborated with the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria to train its personnel on screening passengers and their luggage.

6.8.2020. A Nigerian Transport startup, Plentywaka, has raised 300.000 dollars to transform the transport system in Nigeria with improved mapping technology, and has expanded its services to Abuja (five routes, and free travel for a week). Routes will include Lugbe to Area 1. Passengers will be able to schedule their rides from their preferred locations.

5.8.2020. In an article in Good Governance Africa, several local respondents quoted in the article emphasise that social distancing is not being adhered to. Shoppers are required to use facemasks when entering the markets but when in the market, enforcement is not evident. Commercial taxis are not allowed to carry more than 3 passengers by the protocol, but some drivers are allowing 5-6 passengers. Several emphasise that they have to wait to a long time to get a commercial taxi with 3 passengers.

Five days into the resumption of the Kaduna-Abuja train, less than 5000 passengers have used the service (Kaduna-Abuja and Abuja-Kaduna)


Draft report Abuja 18.7.2020-31.7.2020

Current cases in Nigeria [31.7.2020]: 42,689

Current deaths in Nigeria [31.7.2020]: 878

Government initiatives

28.7.2020. Nigerians can apply for a UK travel visa, as the visa centres will reopen.

27.7.2020. The government released new guidelines regarding train travel. Passengers should wear masks and security officials will ask the train driver to disembark passengers, if they do not comply.  The mask must cover both the nose and the mouth, the minister of transportation emphasises. Apart from using the bathroom, passengers cannot freely move around the train.

The Federal Government extended the easing of the lockdown (phase two) by one week. The second phasing was supposed to give way to the third phasing by the end of July but the secretary to the government of federation announced that this was due to people breaching lockdown regulations and not respecting the guidelines. The 10pm to 4 am curfew will remain. Commercial drivers are only allowed to take passengers up to 60% capacity.

The government announced that the reopening of schools will be on the 4 August for graduating students and the 17 August for the West African Senior school certificate examination. Secondary schools will open for exist classes only.

The federal road safety commission has tasked fleet and public transport operators to adhere strictly to Nigeria Centre for Decease control protocol to slow down the spread of covid 19. The sector commander outlined that motorists have to observe all safety protocols (hand washing before and at disembarking points, use sanitisers, wear facemasks, and observe social distancing. Public transport companies should provide temperature checks, clean the surface of their vehicles with bleach and put up protective barriers between passengers and fare cashiers. 7 people should only be carried in 10-seater vehicles, 9 by 13 seater busses and two in a row inside luxury busses. Passengers should not stand.

26 July. President Buhari has approved a 100% increase in the train fares on the Kaduna to Abuja train. The hike in prices is to make sure that physical distancing measures are maintained. When being asked if this was a burden to the poor, the transport minister responded that it was better than being kidnapped on the Kaduna-Abuja road and having to pay ransom.


24.7.2020. Kojo Motors United, the owners of the Yotong busses Nigeria, have started to distribute facemasks and other safety materials to the users of their busses.

Draft report Abuja 4.7.2020-17.2020

Current cases in country 17.7.2020: 34,854

Current deaths in country 17.7.2020: 769

Government initiatives

14.7.2020 Schools are still shut, but the ministry of Education in Abuja have released guidelines regarding social distancing (2 metres) at school – whenever possible.

13.7.2020: Previously the government advised travellers to arrive at airports 3 hours before- now they have reduced it to 90 minutes. Passengers are advised to check in online.

12.7.2020: The minister of aviation has said that nationwide domestic flights can resume on the 15 July. Passengers should keep a 2-metre distance in the airport, including on the busses.


15.7.2020: The national bureau of statistics says that 24 % of households do not have enough soap and water for hand washing exposing them more to the virus. This is based on the national longitudinal phone survey.

9.7.2020. Pauline Tallen, Peter Hawkins and Comfort Lamptey publish a blog post on how women and girls e.g. in Abuja are experiencing violence and suffer in silence due to social stigma.

6.7.2020. The federal road safety corps and road transport unions have adopted resolutions towards adopting covid-19 protocols. In the statement it says that all public transport operators should sanitize their parks and terminals regularly. Notices should be placed in parks regarding safety procedures and temperature measurements should be provided. All interstate and intercity travel should be organised by registered or organised operating terminals. There should also be protective barriers at the terminals and any luggage should be disinfected.


Covid 19 Report Nigeria 23 June to 3 July 2020:

Current cases (3.7.2020): 27.110

Current deaths (3.7.2020): 616

Government initiatives

2 July: The Minister of State for Transportation, Sen. Gbemisola Saraki announced in a statement on the 2 July that transporters flouting interstate travel protocols could have their permits withdrawn.

1 July:  The Nigerian government has announced that domestic flights will commence on the 8 July.

30 June: The government lifts the interstate travel ban and interstate travel can resume with 50% capacity.  The president also declared that schools will remain closed, but continue with e-learning.

22 June: The transport minister announced that they are not in a hurry to restart the train service due to covid-19. When the trains operate e.g. on the Abuja-Kaduna road, passengers will have to comply with safety operations.


1July:  In Utaka park in Abuja (a transport hub for interstate transport) operations have commenced following the lifting of the interstate ban.

The acting general secretary of the National Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW) says it is not their intention to increase transport fares. The union has previously requested a transport subsidy from the government, or they will increase transport fares.  

30June 2020: A transportation company in Nigeria called Peace Mass Transit (PMT) announced that it will resume interstate travel in accordance with government advice without increasing the fares, with 50% carriage.

28 June: Ruiti Agbero Limited, a service provider, has launched an app called Agbero  that allows customers to pay once and on their phones.

22 June: Workers protest at the health department in Abuja over claims of unpaid rights. A truck driver for instance said that he had not been paid for three months. Workers in detentions centres have been paid, but 5 drivers had been infected with covid-19 but nothing had been given to them.


Draft report (6 June to 23 June 2020)


Current cases (23.6.2020): 20,919

Current deaths (23.6.2020):  525

Government initiatives

13.6.2020. The vice president’s committee on economic sustainability has warned that 39.4 million people may lose their jobs at the end of 2020. Covid-19 has had a negative impact on trade, tourism and the transport sector.

The minister of transportation says that China has been very helpful to the federal government in terms of reimbursement of cash to support railway construction.

8.6.2020. Passengers must have a negative covid-19 test before boarding a flight. These must be done within two weeks, otherwise they will not be valid. Passengers are required to fill a health form. Passengers must queue in an orderly manner in Nigeria, wear a facemask and follow hygiene measures. Passengers are advised to self-isolate for 14 days.


18.5.2020. Indications emerged that the airport is not ready to open for operations on the 21 June. There is a special need for financial interventions and the following of specific protocols. Most aviation workers have not been paid their wages.

13.6.2020. Transport operators lose 200 billion Naira in 3 months’ time due to the lockdown restrictions in the transport sector. Many transport companies have been unable to pay their staff, and thousands of vehicles have been parked for three months. Once they restart numerous technical problems may arise. Transport associations, such as the private taxi companies of Nigeria call for government assistance, and argued that the road transport companies have a stronger claim to the government

12.6.2020. The owners of the largest fleet of vehicles have called for the government to lift the interstate ban. The president of the Public Transport Owners of Nigeria Association (PTONA) said transportation was one of four most important elements for human existence after food, water and shelter, and pointed out that the government has an important role to play in facilitating transport. The longer the ban, the more businesses will die permanently.


Draft report (23 May to 5 June 2020)


Confirmed cases (5.6.2020): 11.516

Confirmed deaths (5.6.2020): 323

Government initiatives:

2.6.2020: The federal government has received coaches and locomotives from China and will be deployed when operations start. Some coaches are still on route to Abuja. The government has said that domestic flights might open on the 21.6.2020 but have not said when international flights might reopen. Some offices can open from 9-18.00 but social hygiene measures and social distancing has to be ensured. Business activities can take place three days a week (Monday, Wednesday and Friday) from 7-16. People must still wear face masks in public, and there are still restrictions on social and religious gatherings – those who break these rules could face fines/imprisonment. Schools and restaurants are still closed. Interstate passenger travel is banned.


3.6. Our in-country team reports that transport fares in Abuja have increased.

1.6. An article in Aljazera reports that social distancing is largely ignored in Abuja and face masks are used minimally.

30.5.2020. The premium times website reports increased sexual and domestic violence against women in Nigeria during lockdown.

24.5.2020. The CEO of the planet project united argues that the transport sector in Nigeria will suffer because of covid19.


Draft report (9th May to 22 May 2020


Current cases (22.5.2020): 7016

Current deaths (22.5.2020): 211

Government initiatives

21.5.2020: The federal government appeals to traders not to increase food prices and transportation, and appealed to the union for transport workers (NURTW) to ensure that guidelines are followed.

17.5.2020: Nigeria impounded a plane operated by a British company for allegedly contravening a flight ban imposed to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

15.5.2020: The ban on interstate travel remains. Nigerians still have to wear facemasks in public places. The Nigerian Travel Agency (NANTA) reports that the travel agency has lost more than 180 billion naira, and thousands of jobs. The e-hailing services have also been hardly hit. Bolt for instance only does deliveries whereas uber has halted its operations.

10.5.2020: 160 Nigerians were evacuated from the United States and landed in Abuja


20.5.2020: An article on the nationallight homepage (below) suggests that people in the transport sector will undergo economic hardship due to the interstate ban. Cargo employees have complained that some of their goods have gone bad.  Some travellers have been arrested for hiding in trucks

17.5.2020:  An article published on Naira metrics suggests that the airline industry in Nigeria will undergo many changes (e.g. in terms of travel destinations, social distancing and technology use), and many jobs will be lost in the aviation industry – and taken over by technology.


Draft report (25 April-8 May 2020)

PLEASE NOTE: This document contains only provisional information for each country, based on the information that our in-country teams have been able to access.  We hope to provide updates of this information approximately at fortnightly intervals. Please click on the numbers at the bottom of the page to view the info concerning Cape Town and Tunis.


Cases 8.5.2020: 3526. Deaths 107

Government requirements:

7.5.2020. The ban on flights has been extended for four weeks.

4.5.2020. The lockdown has been eased and people are going back to work. The president has said that the lockdown has come at a heavy cost, and people have lost their livelihoods. Shops and markets will remain open until mid-afternoon, but schools and places of worship will not be open. Shops and markets will now open until mid-afternoon and it is hoped that some people will be able to return to work.

But a ban on public gatherings remains in place and a nationwide curfew from 20:00 local time (19:00GMT) to 06:00 has been imposed. Schools and places of worship will remain closed.

Wearing of face masks while in public has been made mandatory and people must adhere to social distancing rule and other safety measures. Interstate travels has been suspended except for essential workers.

  1. Shops and markets will now open until mid-afternoon and it is hoped that some people will be able to return to work.

People must adhere to social distancing rule and other safety measures. Interstate travels has been suspended except for essential workers.

Travel between regions will, however, not be permitted despite the easing of the restrictions. There is a curfew between 20:00 and 06:00. In public spaces people must wear face masks, there must be mandatory temperature checks, hand washing facilities/or hand sanitizers, physical distancing of two meters. No sport and mass gatherings. Passenger flights and interstate travel (except essential) are prohibited. Nigerians abroad who are travelling to Nigeria must isolate for 14 days. Neighbourhoods and markets can stay open 3 times a week from 8 am to 3 pm. Banks and financial services can stay open from 8 to 2 pm. Government offices and corporate offices can stay open from 8 am-2 pm. Schools, churches, mosques, clubs, bars and gardens are still closed.

29.4.2020. The president encourages state governments to provide leadership and engage with relevant associations, e.g. transport associations for orderly and effective implementation of the lockdown.


4.5.2020. Newspaper reports suggest that the infection rates went up, as soon as the curfew was eased. See links below.


Draft report 10 to 24 April 2020.

Abuja, Nigeria

Current cases: 981.

31 deaths (data 24.4.2020)

Government initiatives

14 April: The federal ministry of humanitarian affairs has said that N power beneficiaries in Nigeria should expect their monthly payments of 30.000 Naira. The N-power programme is a job creation and skills empowerment programme that supports young Nigerians in the whole country to develop skills to become practical solution providers for a period of two years.

7 April. Poor households (only selected) are expected to receive N20.000 monthly. The federal government has clarified how the N20,000 coronavirus lockdown palliative is being distributed.

Lockdown: matters arising

24 April  Our in-country team members report that the distribution of money has caused tension as some households are selected as poor and others not with many people queuing up for the N20.000 Naira mentioned above, but not receiving the full amount. Moreover, the event was filmed on national television and social distancing did not take place, possibly contributing to more infections. Corruption and politics might influence who gets helped and not, and whether vehicle owners, who have their vehicles in police custody, will get their vehicles back. It is easier to families who are wealthy to isolate at home, but people living in the suburbs, the focus of our research, are particularly at risk, especially women, transport workers, petty traders and even security officials. In the suburbs of Abuja roads around markets and parks are packed with petty traders, pushing their ways through the crows as well as motorized vehicles (motorbike riders, lorries and taxi drivers). They are trying to sustain a living, as they cannot afford to stock up on food, and stay at home.

23 April

Our team members report that the transport of food and other household good supplies is becoming more difficult due to covid-19, even though the transport of goods is allowed. This is due to bribes (security officials), and people cannot afford to pay for this at each checkpoint. Vegetables are getting rotten, and they have no place to store them. It is also more difficult to transport livestock. Children are being transported back and forth between their families (e.g. when a husband/wife lives in another state) despite the lockdown in Abuja. There is also an increased rate of domestic violence, due to more family members living together where they used to live apart.  Transport is becoming more and more expensive, as tricycles for example can only take one person at a time. A bus is only allowed 60% of its capacity. Women who cannot push their way are left stranded. Women are complaining that they used to be able to go together. Having ownership of a vehicle is better. Bus drivers and other forms of transport are still travelling on the roads in Abuja, but with fewer passengers, often dropping people outside state boundaries, as they know they cannot cross these areas. This leaves travelers stranded and women particularly vulnerable.

13 April. A taxi driver strips naked in protest to the lockdown explaining that he cannot feed his family.

4 April. The FCT task team impounds 51 cars, 9 tricycle and 46 motorcycles for violating the lockdown order, and will be in police custody until after the lockdown.


Draft report 1-9 April 2020


Cases 288. Deaths 7 (10.4.2020).

Government implementations

3.4. 2020. Any inter-state travel has been banned. All business except healthcare, food processor/ delivery, petroleum distributors, power companies and private security companies have been closed. Banks are temporarily shut for 14 days, including public transport. Open markets are shut but food shops, supermarkets and pharmacies can stay open. International airports and land borders have been closed, and cargo ships can enter, if they have been at sea for more than 14 days, and have no confirmed cases. The Presidential Task Force on COVID-19 has permitted the movement of fertilizers during the lockdown. A prominent legal practitioner, Ebun-Olu Adegboruwa, SAN, has appealed to President Muhammadu Buhari to unlock Lagos and Abuja to ease the burden for people since Lagos state has declared a 100% recovery rate.

1.4. 2020. The Federal Government directed that food markets in Lagos, Ogun and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) would be allowed to open daily for four hours, from 10:00a.m. to 2:00p.m., Every person would be confined to his or her place of residence unless strictly for the purpose of performing an essential service. Commuter services between cities and states including passenger rail services, bus services, e-hailing services, maritime and air passenger transport are suspended for the period of the lockdown in the affected states. All borders linking the two states and FCT to the rest of the country would be shut during the period of the lockdown, except for the transportation of persons on essential duties, food, fuel, manufactured goods or donated relief items. Mass gatherings are prohibited, except for funeral services. Movement between and within the affected states and FCT is restricted except for workers involved in the delivery of authorized essential services, duties, food and goods. Commuter services between cities and states including, passenger rail services, bus services, e-hailing services, maritime and air passenger transport are suspended for the period of the lockdown in the affected states. Limited transport services are allowed for the movement of workers, services and goods in response to COVID-19 and for the purpose of seeking medical attention or provision of essential services. The essential services and businesses include clinics, hospitals, food shops, fuel stations, registered repair garages, company car services for essential staff, private security companies, trucks carrying essential items, courier and distribution companies and airlines handling essential staff.

Transport associations/other

1.4.2020. Uber suspends its services in Abuja for 14 days

31.3.2020. Our in-country team members report that there are more cases of domestic abuse in the country due to people staying at home. Hawkers and other people in vulnerable jobs (e.g. working for others from hand to mouth), moreover, risk starving. They have no income, and no money to buy/stockpile food.

6.3.2020. Spare part dealers worry since their sales are affected when no people are travelling to China.Useful links

1.March.-31 March Draft report

30.3.2020. The Nigerian president announced that the country will go into lockdown at 11 pm on the 30.3.2020 for a period of 14 days. Nigeria has 111 confirmed cases of the COVID-19, with 3 recovery and one death.

28.3.2020. Update from Nigerian team member: There is restriction of movement within cities, with civil servants required to conduct government affairs from home. The only sectors permitted to move in cities are health and security. Markets remain generally open. This means transport business in peri-urban is active. Federal and state governments have imposed an inter-state and inter-town travel ban.

26. 3. 2020. All schools were closed (primary, secondary and tertiary).

21.3. 2020. The government has restricted entry into Nigeria for people travelling from China, Italy, Iran, Norway, South Korea, Spain, Japan, France, Germany, the USA, the UK, Netherlands and Switzerland. This will last 4 weeks. No visas on arrival from these countries will be granted.

21.3. 2020. The in-country fieldwork has been put to a halt due to COVID-19.

1.3.2020. Screening measures have been heightened in airports (Lagos, Kano, Port Harcourt and FCT (Abuja). This includes a temperature screen and a form to fill in upon on arrival regarding symptoms and travel history. Even though travellers do not have symptoms, all travellers from any country have to self-isolate for 14 days when entering Nigeria.

Lassa fever, which is deadlier than COVID-19, might also influence the travel situation in the future.

Useful links:

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