Covid-19 City updates

PLEASE NOTE: This document contains only provisional information for each country, based on the information that our in-country teams have been able to access.  We hope to provide updates of this information approximately at fortnightly intervals. 

Tunis report 30 September to 16 October

Tunisia, Tunis

Current cases (16.10.2020): 34.790

Current deaths (16.10.2020): 512

4.10.2020. The prime minister announces a ban on all gatherings of any kind as well as demonstrations across the country for two weeks. Normal classes in schools and universities will continue to take place. There is an obligation to wear masks in public places as well as closed spaces, public transport and public commercial places. The ministry of public service and governance introduces an administrative schedule to combat the spread of covid-19. -The first session: from 8:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. The second session from 12:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m.  This will be a working schedule for people working in central administrations, external services, local communities and administrative public enterprises. It does not include those working as law enforcement officers, soldiers and customs officers, public health, education, ,training and higher education in addition to those in the fields of public transport, sanitation, waste management and cleanliness. Classes are maintained with strict compliance with the sanitary protocol and intensified controls. In regions experiencing a strong increase in the number of cases, confinement will be observed, in addition to the curfew. These decisions will be taken at the local level, by the governors. Wearing a mask will be compulsory even outdoors and the state guarantees the availability of food to citizens. Friday prayer will be suspended in the most affected areas

8.10. A curfew was introduced in the Tunis region lasting for two weeks from 9 pm until 5 am on weekdays and 7 pm until 5 am on weekends. Markets will be closed, and Friday prayer suspended during this period of time. The prime minister welcomed giving people travel authorizations directly from employers. Air traffic will continue in the ordinary manner during the curfew period. People working at night are exempt from the curfew providing that they show documentation.

Other

16.10.2020. The World Bank lists Tunisia as one of the countries that will get World Bank support in terms of vaccines, tests and treatment.

12.10.2020. There are now 200.000 rapid tests that will be free.

7.10.2020. According to Hakim Tounsi, the government in Tunisia has not done enough to prevent the spread of covid-19, e.g. by supporting more on the ground. He argues that Tunisians living abroad were clumsily demonized but there was not enough focus was on how to prevent the spread in the country.

6.10. Transtu says they are trying to use more means of resources during rush hour, but this is difficult due to lack of resources, conductors and equipment. They suggest that the private industrial sector should help in the fight against covid-19. They also suggest having separate school and university transport. The various means of transport are being disinfected regularly.

The Tunisian embassy in Algeria decides to organise a new evacuation that includes Tunisian travellers not having to quarantine when returning to Tunisia.

3.10.2020. The Tunisian Director General of Health Tarek Ben Nasse said that the ban on gatherings and demonstrations as well as different working schedules is likely to reduce congestion on public transport.

30.9.2020. The customs union files a complaint against Tunis-Carthage airport for not sticking to health protocol.

Links

https://www.leconomistemaghrebin.com/2020/10/16/covid-19-tunisie-parmi-10-pays-beneficiaires-lappui-bm-lachat-vaccins/

https://www.tap.info.tn/fr/Portail-%C3%A0-la-Une-FR-top/13159587-covid-19-horaire

https://www.tap.info.tn/en/Portal-Politics/13145091-coronavirus-prime

https://www.businessnews.com.tn/covid-19–des-mesures-qui-divisent,519,102612,3) :

https://www.africanews.com/2020/10/08/tunisia-curfew-introduced-in-tunis-region/

https://www.businessnews.com.tn/le-trafic-aerien-maintenu-durant-la-periode-du-couvre-feu,520,102751,3

https://www.leconomistemaghrebin.com/2020/10/04/covid-19-cap-sur-la-situation-dans-la-region-de-tunis/

Draft report 16-29 September

Tunisia, Tunis

Current cases in Tunisia (29.9.2020): 17.405

Current deaths in Tunisia (29.9.2020: 246

https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/

Government initiatives:

28.9.2020. The ministry of public health released the following measures on the 28th September. It is required to wear masks on public transport as well as private transport. There is a ban on chicha smoking and an obligation to use single use containers. It is banned to sit down in restaurants. Theatres and ballrooms are limited to a capacity of 30%. All places must be ventilated. Large scale gatherings are banned for cultural, political, sporting and scientific purposes. Health protocols will be strengthened at workplaces. They are increasing testing, providing more hospital beds as well as strengthening preventive measures. Certain hotspots might be closed. Since the 26 August, all travellers must present a negative PCR test conducted within less than 72 hours before boarding and not exceeding 120 hours on arrival. Children are exempt from this.

27.9.2020. France was included in the red list but without having to apply the measures that other countries in the ‘red zone’ must follow. On paper France is no longer orange, but remains part of the orange zone due to being a ‘neighbouring country’

26.7.2020. 20 delegates are classified as hotspots, where the incident rate is higher than 250 for 100.000 inhabitants. These areas will have a ban on travel in these areas and there will be an obligation to wear masks when in open spaces. There will be disinfection campaigns and a possible curfew at night.

25.9.2020. The ministry of health publishes a new list with the classification of countries according to their risk of covid-19. The green list includes countries that have had a slowdown of the decease. Passengers are recommended to quarantine, but it is not a requirement. They must present a negative PGR test conducting within 72 hours. Some of these countries include: China, Australia, Liechtenstein, Cyprus , Ivory Coast, Liberia, Malaysia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Seychelles, Singapore and Thailand. Passengers travelling from so-called ‘orange list’ countries must present a covid-19 test carried out within 72 hours and not exceeding 120 hours on arrival. A 7-day quarantine period is mandatory for these travellers, and the travellers can leave their isolation period if a second covid-19 test is negative. If they have symptoms, they have to quarantine. Some of these countries include: South Africa, Germany, Bulgaria, Canada, Cuba, Estonia, Finland, Italy, Japan, Greece, Poland, Senegal, Sweden, Norway, and Venezuela. Only Tunisian nationals/residents of Tunisia can travel from so-called ‘red zone countries’ into Tunisia. They must present a negative test (the same as the above) and there is a mandatory isolation period chosen by a committee – the costs of the isolation place will be at the expense of the traveller. These countries include: the United States, Brazil, Mexico, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, Hungary, Ireland, the Netherlands, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the Emirates, Morocco and Qatar. On the 24 September Algeria, Libya, France, Luxembourg, Malta and Italy were added to the so-called ‘special list’ (see above in the case of France 27.9.2020).

17.9.2020. 24 governates in Tunisia are now classified in the ‘red zone’ with 10 cases or more per 100.000 inhabitants.

The minister of transport and logistics Moez Chakchouk said that is key priority to reform the transport sector through digitalisation. He mentioned that the company Transtu has a debt of 1200 million dinars, and recommended a clear action plan with the Tunisian General Labour Union to support the enterprise.

21.9.2020. The head of government, Hichem Mechichi, ruled out general national confinement. He ordered that there should be increased security campaigns aimed at wearing protective masks in public spaces, public transport, schools and universities as well as service areas.

Other

28.9.2020. Tunisair express resumes flights to Tezour and will operate on a two-weekly frequency on Thursdays and Sundays. Passengers always have to wear masks.

25.7.2020. Avans Tunisie (a microfinance organisation) launches a (post) covid support programme that supports Tunisian entrepreneurs and farmers with a focus on economic recovery.

In an article in Le360Afrique.com Moussa Diop argues that it is the opening of the borders in Tunisia that has caused a surge in cases. Since the opening of the border the cases has multiplied by 10.

Monaco has signed a funding agreement with the United Nations Industrial development organisation in support of Tunisian women through inclusive and sustainable industrial development. For a period of four years they will promote the development of micro, small and medium enterprises led by women with the aim of creating more business/employment opportunities for women.

20.9.2020. In an article in Lapresse, Mohamed Salem Kechiche, emphasises that there are plenty of people who do not respect the health protocols, e.g. the wearing masks. He only observed yellow markers intended for physical distancing at the counter in the metro, and could not spot any signs to prevent covid19. Mohammed Salem Kechiche suggests video surveillance at the station level.

In another article in Lapresse (20.9) Imen Haouari, argues that there should have been more awareness campaigns at bus and metro stations concerning the risks of covid19 at the start of the school year.

Links

https://lepetitjournal.com/tunis/actualites/covid-19-nouvelles-mesures-au-28-septembre-2020-288874

https://www.tap.info.tn/en/Portal-Economy/13125101-air-transport

https://www.visa-algerie.com/la-tunisie-met-a-jour-ses-listes-lalgerie-et-la-france-classees-cas-particuliers/

http://afrique.le360.ma/tunisie/politique/2020/09/22/31956-tunisie-covid-19-le-ret https://africanmanager.com/monaco-et-lonudi-partenaires-dans-lautonomisation-des-femmes-en-tunisie/our-au-confinement-general-dans-certaines-regions-est-envisage-31956

https://africanmanager.com/monaco-et-lonudi-partenaires-dans-lautonomisation-des-femmes-en-tunisie/

Tunisie : Intensification des campagnes sécuritaires pour imposer le port du masque

https://news.gnet.tn/tunisie-la-numerisation-est-la-priorite-no-1-pour-reformer-le-secteur-du-transport-moez-chakchouk/

Hichem Mechichi : « Pas de retour au confinement général ! »

Draft report 1 September to 15 September 2020

Tunisia

Current cases 15.9.2020 in Tunisia: 7382

Current deaths 15.9.2020 in Tunisia: 117

Government initiatives

15.9.2020. The Tunisian national railway company (SNCFT) have called upon the police to enforce the wearing of masks. The health authorities have called upon all travellers to wear masks. There is now an obligation to wear masks in closed public spaces (airports, train stations, ports, hospitals and private clinics

9.9.2020. The ministry of transport has said that public transport companies shouldSterilize land transport stations and means of transport frequently.

Require drivers and controllers to wear masks, and also provide these masks

Carry out awareness campaigns through the media and on physical posters at stations and on public transport

Ensure that passengers wear masks both at the stations, and during the journey.

Strengthen monitoring to monitor the extent of commitment to wear masks when traveling

8.9.2020. Travellers entering into Tunisia have to present a negative PCR test that does not exceed 120 hours.

4.9.2020. The date for the school year to start is the 15th September regardless of the epidemiological situation, although respecting health guidelines.

3.9.2020. 19 governates have been labelled as red in Tunisia due to the spread of coronavirus, exceeding 10 contaminations per 100.000.

Other

14.9.2020. The transport company Transtu have agreed to postpone their strike that was meant to take place on the 14-15 September 2020. It is now postponed to the 9/20 November 2020.

10.9.2020: The taxi start up Intigo is heading internationally. More than 30% of their customers are girls and women, some of whom are over 60 years old. During the period of confinement the company delivered food from supermarkets to their customers (intishop). In July 2020 young people can take ownership of their own scooters through microfinance institutions. Intigo is also providing student transport and has partnered with a car rental company.

10.9.2020. The train lines have been affected due to bad weather (Tunis – Djebel Djelloud, Tunis – Gaâfour and Tunis – Bizerte line)

The agency for the Promotion of Industry and Innovation (Apii) and the Arab Institute of Business Leaders (IACE) have launched a survey that aims to explore the readiness of companies for the second wave of the coronavirus pandemic.

Despite the relative success in halting covid-19, Tunisia is now mired in an economic crisis with an unemployment rate at 18 percent, and in need of assistance from the international monetary fund.

4.9. 2020. A support program which is part of OCO global has been launched in collaboration with TheNextWomenTunisie, with the support of CEPEX and the Tunisian-British Chamber of Commerce (TBCC). The aim is to support female entrepreneurs in building business capacities.

Links

https://www.tap.info.tn/fr/Portail-%C3%A0-la-Une-FR-top/13060730-intigo-la

https://www.tunisienumerique.com/tunisie-intemperies-interruption-du-trafic-ferroviaire/

https://www.businessnews.com.tn/deuxieme-vague-covid-19–enquete-pour-evaluer-le-niveau-de-preparation-des-entreprises-tunisiennes,541,101821,3

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1728246/middle-easthttps://africanmanager.com/programme-daccompagnement-pour-des-femmes-entrepreneures/

Tunisia, Tunis

Current cases 1.9.2020: 3,803

Current deaths 1.9.2020: 77

Government initiatives

19.8.2020 Germany moves to the amber list instead of the green list. The amber list includes more than 50 countries including San Marino, Vietnam, South Korea, Malaysia, Mongolia and Lithuania. This comes after the health minister announced on the 19th that they will not allow any passenger to enter the country without presenting a negative test.

24.8.2020. The wearing of masks is now compulsory in the transport sector, shopping centres and leisure areas. This includes all public/private health institutions, public/private schools as well as kindergartens.

Other:

25.8.2020. Transtu (Tunis Transport company) calls on its customers to wear masks as soon as they enter the station, and before boarding the means of transport.

24.8.2020. A train couch has been on fire [train connecting Tunis to Sfax]. There has been no loss of life but it is being investigated as a criminal act.

Between the 29 May and 3 June the African Development Bank have approved loans for Tunisia of 530.2 million euros. One of these loans 146.847 million was denominated as a covid support program for employment and social inclusion.

The Director-General of the National Observatory of New and Emerging Diseases Nissaf Ben Alay said that asymptomatic carriers will be permitted to self-isolate provided that they comply with a number of rules, including social distancing.

22.8.2020. The national interurban company (SNTRI) decided to make it compulsory to wear masks on stations and busses.  They made an awareness campaign on the 22 August to remind people of complying with this and social distancing.

22.8.2020.Compagnie Tunisienne de Navigation announced that passengers must have had a covid test within less than 120 hours when arriving on Tunisian territory.

19.8.2020. Transtu employees announced a strike 15-16 September 

17.8.2020. The education minister declares that the start of the school year will be on the 15 September

Aswat Nissa (a nongovernmental organisation focusing on women’s rights) calls on the president to uphold equality amongst its citizens, safeguard and bolster women’s rights and take measures to eliminate violence against women (article 21 and 46 of the constitution)

18.8.2020 The minister of tourism in Tunisia says in a statement that Tunisia must keep its borders open.

Links

https://news.gnet.tn/tunisie-lincendie-du-dernier-wagon-du-train-reliant-sfax-a-tunis-est-premedite-sncft/

https://www.mosaiquefm.net/amp/fr/actualite-national-tunisie/785309/port-obligatoire-du-masque-decision-publiee-au-jort

https://africanmanager.com/16447-me-de-la-bad-pour-la-covid-linclusion-sociale-et-lemploi-en-tunisie/

https://www.tap.info.tn/en/Portal-Society/12990108-covid-19

https://news.gnet.tn/un-test-au-covid-19-sera-exige-pour-les-passagers-de-la-ctn-arrivant-en-tunisie/

https://www.tap.info.tn/en/Portal-Society/12991237-germany-moves-from

https://www.tunisienumerique.com/tunisie-les-agents-de-la-transtu-annoncent-une-greve-pour-les-15-et-16-septembre/

https://www.tunisienumerique.com/tunisie-aucun-passager-ne-va-entrer-en-tunisie-sans-presenter-un-test-pcr-negatif/

https://www.mosaiquefm.net/fr/actualite-national-tunisie/782405/rentree-scolaire-maintien-de-la-date-du-15-septembre

https://www.tap.info.tn/en/Portal-Society/12986050-aswat-nissa-urges

https://www.mosaiquefm.net/fr/actualite-national-tunisie/782685/le-ministre-du-tourisme-il-faut-garder-les-frontieres-ouvertes

https://www.tap.info.tn/en/Portal-Society/12986050-aswat-nissa-urges

Draft report 1-17 August.Tunisia, Tunis.

Current cases (17.8.2020): 2107

Current deaths (17.8.2020): 54

Government interventions

17.8.2020. The president in Tunisia has promulgated a law with provisions in the public sector for higher education graduates who have been unemployed for 10 years. People aged 35 but not unemployed for this period of time will also be considered.

15.8.2020. The town of Hamma in Gabes (South Tunisia) was sealed off after discovering a COVID 19 cluster due apparently to foreign visits to a local manufacturer. A military hospital was deployed at the town. Our in country team reports that   many other smaller clusters were discovered in Tunisia (Kairouan, Mahdia, Sousse) Situation seems still under control by the Ministry of Health.

13.8.2020. The ministry of Transport celebrated Tunisia Women’s day .

On the National Women’s Day, President Kais Saied visited a marginalised region in the governorate of Jendouba to learn about the concerns of women agricultural workers and their everyday difficulties, such as the dangers of transport. The president emphasised the need to strengthen the economic and social rights of women in rural and urban areas.

12.8.2020: The Ministry of health in Tunisia has reviewed the pandemic in relation to different countries and have published a new classification system. This system is based on risk and propagation speed for each country together with other indicators by WHO and other organisations.  The main countries that have been removed from a green list to an orange list include: France, Austria, Monaco, Denmark, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Djibouti, Chad, Cuba, Malta and Luxembourg. Travellers from these countries will have to go through self-confinement and a present a negative covid19 test conducted within 72 hours. More restrictions are observed in closed spaces (airports and public transport). Wearing a mask is now a must. The director of the National Observatory for new and emerging diseases (Nissaf Ben Alalay) said that Tunisia is going through a second wave of covid 19 since the opening of borders. The goal, he says, is to conduct 600 daily tests.

10.8.2020: 2500 agents at Tunis Carthage airport have been tested negative for covid-19. All citizens are encouraged to respect social distancing, wearing a mask and hand sanitization. According to Nissaf Ben Alalaya, mentioned above, screening tests will soon become compulsory for all travellers arriving in Tunisia, including countries on the green list.

6.8.2020. The ministerial council approved the decision to make mask wearing compulsory.

5.8.2020.The wearing of masks is mandatory in airports and a ministerial council will decide later what sanctions will follow if this is not complied to. It is not allowed to enter the airport as a travel companion.

3.8.2020. The ministry of national defence sets up a military health medical team Tunis-Carthage airport to contribute to detect covid-19 cases.

Nisaf Ben Alaya, mentioned above, said that more than 3,000 tests will be carried out with Tunis-Carthage staff. An average of 500 tests will be carried out daily.

Other:

16.8.2020: The Tunisian general labour union (UGTT) endorses a woman’s representative in the next cabinet. It will push for competence to be a key criterion to hold ministerial portfolios

15.8.2020: The unemployment rate has increased significantly in Q2 2020.  It has increased by 15.2. % for men and 25 % for women.74.2. thousand people were unemployed in Q2 2020 despite wanting to work. They were not counted as unemployed due to not looking for work due to covid19 but if the group is added the unemployment rate would increase by 1.4% for men and 19.4% for women. Youth unemployment is 36% for men and 37.3% for women.

Links

https://www.aa.com.tr/fr/sante/tunisie-un-h%C3%B4pital-militaire-pour-la-ville-del-hamma-d%C3%A9clar%C3%A9e-cluster-de-coronavirus/1942872

https://www.tap.info.tn/en/Portal-Society/12980981-ugtt-endorses-real

https://www.tap.info.tn/en/Portal-Society/12978696-unemployment-rises

https://thearabweekly.com/tunisia-marks-long-struggle-womens-rights

https://news.gnet.tn/coronavirus-la-tunisie-connait-une-2eme-poussee-epidemique-ben-alaya/

https://www.tap.info.tn/en/Portal-Economy/12970274-tourism-ministry

Tunisie : Le port obligatoire du masque approuvé en conseil ministériel

Tunisie : Les accompagnateurs des voyageurs interdits d’accéder aux aéroports

Coronavirus : Un laboratoire militaire mobile s’installe à Tunis-Carthage

Les syndicalistes appellent à sa fermeture : Tunis-Carthage… un foyer de contamination ?

Tunisie – Coronavirus : 3000 agents de Tunis-Carthage seront dépistés

Draft report 18.7.2020-31.7.2020

Current cases in Tunisia [31.7.2020]: 1514

Current deaths in Tunisia [31.7.2020]:  50

Tunis

30.7.2020:  Belgium, Spain, Switzerland and China have been removed from Tunisia’s green list and are now categorised as orange. Since the 27 July travellers from countries classified as green did not have to provide a negative covid-19 test are not placed in quarantine.

27.7.2020. The Tunisian government announced that all members of the same family coming from countries not classified as green or orange should be placed in mandatory isolation (including children under 12) for at least 3 days until the ministry of health carry out the required test

28.7.2020 Covid-19 cases are on the rise in Tunis Carthage airport. 6 airport officials have died so far. 6 medical teams will carry out screening of all airport staff. The director general of the national observatory for new and emerging diseases says that the airport closing has not been mentioned. The 7 infected agents at the airport have been placed in a containment centre to monitor their health.

Other

20.7.2020 Women are protesting in south Tunisia because they are furious with the government and oil companies for failing to follow through with promised jobs. Several protest movements have emerged since June due to covid-19.

25.7.2020. In an article in La Presse it is highlighted that people in Tunisia to a large extent are not following social distancing measures, and that there might expect a second wave. People who are supposed to be in confinement are sometimes fleeing accommodation centres.

Links:

https://directinfo.webmanagercenter.com/2020/07/30/coronavirus-la-belgique-lespagne-la-suisse-et-la-chine-retirees-de-la-liste-verte/

https://nnn.com.ng/tunisia-announces-new-measures-for-arrivals-from-abroad-to-curb-covid-19-spread/

https://www.mosaiquefm.net/fr/actualite-national-tunisie/775277/covid-19-la-fermeture-de-l-aeroport-tunis-carthage-n-est-pas-evoquee

https://www.france24.com/en/africa/20200720-focus-women-carve-out-role-in-south-tunisia-protest-movementhttps://lapresse.tn/69033/covid-19-il-faut-se-preparer-a-une-nouvelle-vague/

Draft report 4.7.2020-17.7.2020

Tunisia

Current cases 17.7.2020: 1327

Current deaths 17.7.2020: 50

14.7.2020. The Tunisian ministry of transport calls Corsica Linea to suspend crossings to Tunisia until health procedures (quarantine) have been followed and the ship has been disinfected. The captain had been tested positive but had not been in touch with the passengers.

9.7.2020. A study by UN women reports that women have been more vulnerable during covid-19, particularly those working in the agricultural sector or unemployed women. The UN women launched a survey across North Africa. In Tunisia there were 1508 respondents. A third of the respondents reported that they had suffered domestic violence. Belhaj, who is part of the UN women, emphasised that Tunisia one of the few countries that publish the number of COVID-19 cases by gender (available regarding confirmed cases and deaths). Belhaj also said that there is an absence of data regarding women’s access to care structures, preventive measures and places of protection.

2 July 2020. Thirty women have started to learn how to cycle in the Japanese garden in Tunis and are keen to get about and have more autonomy. The bikes school is launched by Vélorution Tunisie that has trained 700 women in two years. During covid-19 there has been an increased interest in cycling. The women are between 15 and 70. The organisation has got a spike of attention during the pandemic but the riders emphasise that there are not enough cycling facilities in the city as things get back to normal.

Weblinks. https://www.webmanagercenter.com/2020/07/09/453471/covid-19-les-femmes-ont-adhere-plus-que-les-hommes-aux-mesures-de-prevention-et-de-securite-onu-femmes/

https://www.africaradio.com/news/a-tunis-un-subit-engouement-pour-le-velo-fait-sauter-une-barriere-de-genre-169798

https://news.gnet.tn/Agricultrices+et+ouvri%C3%A8res+plus+impact%C3%A9es+par+le+covid-19+en+Tunisie%2C+selon+une+%C3%A9tude+d%E2%80%99ONU-femmes

https://www.webmanagercenter.com/2020/07/09/453471/covid-19-les-femmes-ont-adhere-plus-que-les-hommes-aux-mesures-de-prevention-et-de-securite-onu-femmes/

Draft report 23.6.2020-3.7.2020

Tunisia

Current cases (3.7.2020): 1178

Current deaths (3.7.2020):  50

Government implementations:

29.6.2020. The minister has decided to grant interest free loans up to 6000 Euros to enable Tunisians living abroad (in Europe) to buy plane tickets with Tunisair and CTN.

26.6.2020. Tunisia opened its sea, land and air borders to selected tourists on the 27 June. The government has said that it will allow travel between provinces. A color-coded system has been implemented to show which countries can enter and the restrictions travellers from these countries might face. Green list countries make up countries with low prevalence of the virus. Travellers from orange list countries need to fill in a form and present a negative PCR test performed no later than 72 hours before departure. If a country is not on the green /orange list travellers cannot enter.

29.6.2020: Ministers responsible for transport and tourism visited Tunis/Carthage airport and noted some deficiencies regarding luggage handling which will require urgent decision making.

Other

27. 6.2020. Tunisair outlines the conditions for getting on a plane. The wearing of a mask is compulsory (boarding, on the flight and disembarking), passengers need to respect a 1-meter rule at the counter and check-in gate, and plexiglass is installed as much as possible. Crew members and airport personnel also must wear masks.

24.6.2020: In an interview, the minister for women, family and seniors in Tunisia, Ms Asma Shiri, says that rural women faced issues before covid in regard to transport, but now they are even more vulnerable. The government is setting up loans of 1000 dinars that can be repaid over 2 years and 2 months without interest. She also says that the government is setting up measures that enables unemployment compensation of 200 dinars for workers who have been negatively affected by covid.

Links

https://www.tap.info.tn/en/Portal-Economy/12830394-urgent-decisions-to

Draft report 6.6.2020-23.6.2020

Tunisia

Current cases (23.6.2020): 1159

Deaths: (23.6.2020): 50

Government initiatives

19.6.2020. In Tunisia the curfew is lifted, and the government has lifted almost all restrictions due to the low number of cases. Travel within the country is allowed, and restaurants are open.

16.6.2020. The Tunisian union of agriculture and fisheries calls for the authorities to protect rural women from transport insecurities. This followed the traffic accident (mentioned below) with rural agricultural workers.

15.6.2020.  The Intercity means of transport is to operate at full capacity (not 50%) according to the ministry of transport.

13.6.2020: The Tunisian government are allowing repatriation flights. Tourists who will come to Tunisia will have to present a coronavirus test carried out in their residence (72 hours before) after the borders will open on the 27 June. They must fill in a health form before leaving their departure airport.  They will be subject to temperature measurements. Tunisians coming from abroad will have to self-isolate for 14 days.

10.6.2020: The Tunisian authorities announced that:

– Air, land and sea borders will open from 27.6.2020

– The Compulsory quarantine for travellers from abroad (7 days in a dedicated structure such as a hotel establishment, followed by 7 days at home);

– The lifting of the curfew

– the wearing a mandatory mask in all public places;

– The resumption of public transport;

– The reopening of administrative services welcoming the public to the usual hours;

– The authorization of intercity travel and travel between regions;

– The reopening of restaurants and cafes;

– Maintaining a ban on rallies and postponing all demonstrations.

Other

16.6.2020. A man died and 14 female agricultural workers were injured in a traffic accident between Kairouan and Wasatiya. One truck was loaded with sheep the other with farm workers.

Links

https://en.qantara.de/content/coronavirus-fallout-tunisia-post-lockdown-should-we-stay-or-should-we-go

http://www.rtci.tn/les-moyens-transport-interurbains-autorises-travailler-pleine-capacite/

https://lepetitjournal.com/tunis/actualites/covid-19-rappel-des-mesures-en-cours-et-transports-de-rapatriement-282410

https://www.tunisienumerique.com/tunisie-a-partir-daujourdhui-les-moyens-de-transport-interurbains-peuvent-travailler-a-leur-pleine-capacite/

https://www.leconomistemaghrebin.com/2020/06/16/utap-appelle-a-proteger-les-femmes-rurales-contre-insecurite-transport/

https://www.rtbf.be/info/societe/detail_coronavirus-la-tunisie-va-mettre-fin-a-la-quarantaine-obligatoire-dans-les-hotels?id=10521515

https://www.webmanagercenter.com/2020/06/13/452031/annulation-du-confinement-sanitaire-obligatoire-pour-les-tunisiens-revenus-de-letranger/

Draft report 23.5.2020-5.6.2020

Confirmed cases (5.6.2020): 1,087

Confirmed deaths: (5.6.2020): 49

Government initiatives:

1.6.2020 COVID 19 restrictions related Announcement: End of guided health confinement

4.6. 2020: The authorities decided lifting the inter governorates (counties) transport ban.

3.6.2020: Tunisia borders will re-open as of 27.6.2020 (Land, air and sea). The evacuation of Tunisians stuck abroad will continue as of 4 June, with a mandatory 7 days quarantine. They will be subject to compulsory health isolation in a dedicated hotel for 7 days (at their expense) and an additional seven days at home with rigorous health monitoring.

Other

Transtu:

28. 5.2020: Lines re enforcement to accommodate school pupils returning to schools as of 28th May and extending students subscriptions till end July from end June

May announcement: tnd 1.2 b losses in 2018.

Changes in itinerary going through Bardo

Links

https://lepetitjournal.com/tunis/actualites/covid-19-la-reouverture-des-frontieres-est-annoncee-officiellement-281966

Draft report 9.5.2020-22.5.2020

Tunis

Current cases (22.5.2020): 1046

Current deaths (22.5.2020): 47

Government initiatives

18.5.2020: The ministry of Transport announced new measures in favour of non-scheduled public transport, car renting and the driving school sector. They will allow the extension of the deadline for the credits grants, and also maintain the same rate of VAT for 6 months (maximum 300 dinars for car insurance costs). The ministry has decided to open a financing line worth 5 million dinar with the Tunisian Solidarity Bank. This will allow people working in the sectors mentioned above to benefit from loans of maximum 1000 dinars and a fixed interest rate of 5 %. The repayment of the loan will have to be paid back over approximately 2 years.

11.5.2020. Transtu prohibits passengers to travel without a travel authorisation.

6.5. 2020 The Tunisian Union of Social Solidarity has made 200,000 protective masks available to passengers during the lockdown period, but only for passengers with travel authorisation.

Other

4.5.2020: The number of passengers on the first day (4.5.2020) when the lockdown was eased, the bus and the metro were very busy (a larger number than estimated by Transtu). 372,000 had used public transport. It is only possible to get a ticket with a travel authorisation.

https://directinfo.webmanagercenter.com/2020/05/06/tunisie-la-transtu-distribue-des-bavettes-aux-utilisateurs-des-moyens-de-transport/

https://directinfo.webmanagercenter.com/2020/05/11/tunisie-les-bus-interdits-aux-sans-autorisations/

https://www.leconomistemaghrebin.com/2020/05/06/transtu-distribution-200-mille-masques-protection-gratuitement/

https://www.businessnews.com.tn/mesures-en-faveur-des-professionnels-du-transport,541,98632,3

http://www.rtci.tn/nouvelles-mesures-les-secteurs-du-transport-regulier-location-automobile-auto-ecoles-2/

https://www.tunisienumerique.com/tunisie-actualite/transtu/

Draft report 25.4.2020-8.5.2020

Tunisia

8.5.2020. Cases 1026. 44 deaths.

Government measures

4.5.2020. The food and construction sector can resume operations, and half of government employees will be able to return to work. Public transport will partially resume but with some restrictions. On the 11 May clothing shops and malls will be permitted to open. Another relaxation of measures will be planned on the 14 June but will depend on the spread of the virus. On the 28 May high school students in their final year will be able to resume classes. Others will return to school in September. Students within the field of medicine will return to university on the 11 May. There is currently a national curfew from 8 pm to 6 am during Ramadan starting the 24 April.  People can only leave their houses during curfew for essential services (food and medicine). Travel between cities is prohibited. International flights are suspended, and people entering Tunisia have to self-quarantine for two weeks.

29.4.2020.  The government announced they will start relaxing its coronavirus lockdown next week, reopening parts of the food and construction sectors and allowing half of government employees to return to work.

Transport associations/other

4.5.2020 Transtu is implementing the following measures:

-A reduction of the maximum number of passengers on vehicles to 50% of their capacities (maximum 40 people for regular buses, 60 people or double buses, 120 people for metro and train)

-Passengers need to show their permission for travel before boarding

-All staff and passengers must wear masks

-Regular disinfection of all vehicles is required.

The metro is trying to keep physical distance between passengers, and checking on masks. Our in-country team reports that collective taxis are also starting to operate, and it appears that they do not ask passengers for travel permissions.

3.5.2020. People are going back to work in Tunis. In an article (Nesma) the contributors speculate what the reopening will mean for public transport, e.g. in terms of electric bikes, scooters, and the new company Intigo.

Links

(Source: https://www.facebook.com/Transtu.tn/photos/a.528330887202560/2996997013669256/?type=3&theater)

https://www.nessma.tv/fr/nationale/actu/repenser-nos-modes-de-transport/217442

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1666891/business-economy

https://www.garda.com/crisis24/news-alerts/337711/tunisia-lockdown-measures-to-ease-from-may-4-update-8

Draft report 11.4.2020-24.4.2020

Tunisia

Current cases: 918

Current deaths:  38

24.4.2020

https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/

Government initiatives

24 April: A modification of curfew hours for Ramadan is taking place effective today in Tunisia (now from 20h00 till 06h00). An upcoming gradual lifting of confinement measures will be taking place starting 4 May.

22 April: The government has decided that all public transport should be free of charge in the confinement period (buses and metro-tram) in order to facilitate transport of health care workers and security workers in strategic fields such as food in order to better face COVID-19. Transport users should show authorizations prior to accessing buses and metros. The frequency of transport means has been reduced during the confinement period, although in some cases travel has increased due to authorization measures. The Transport Ministry held a meeting to discuss how to cooperate in the light of the COVID 19 crisis.

18 April: (personal communication with Tunis team member). Since the start of the confinement Tunisia Authorities put a web portal (http://www.autorisation.gov.tn/.in order to facilitate distribution of the authorizations to move outside during the confinement period. Authorized company representatives can get authorization for themselves and for their employees. Everyone can apply, not everyone can get it. Legitimate reasons: Work for health and any other supporting profession to health. Also security, food, agriculture, food distribution, public services including transport, energy.

The confinement period has been extended and the length will be announced later.

Gafsa Governorate: The regional authorities decided to limit the movement between the delegations of the governorate after the expansion of the number of people infected with “Corona”. Nouvelair: The center urbain nord agency are reopening providing new repatriation flights.

LINKS:

https://www.babnet.net/rttdetail-202093.asp

https://www.babnet.net/cadredetail-202095.asp

https://uk.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-tunisia-idAFL8N2C54Z0

https://www.tuniscope.com/article/199919/actualites/tunisie/taxi-290416

https://tunisie.co/article/13718/reserver/compagnies-aeriennes/nouvelair-reouverture-de-l-agence-centre-urbain-nord-pour-assurer-les-nouveaux-vols-de-rapatriement-19210?fbclid=IwAR3FKueoyzdONs1K0Uk0cB0KguuS1oe7P3Fiyml_Mk-TGYh9wl7ejnBe6Fo

http://news.tunisiatv.tn/%D9%82%D9%81%D8%B5%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%84%D8%B7-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D9%87%D9%88%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%B1%D9%91%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AD%D8%AF%D9%91-%D9%85%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%86%D9%82%D9%91%D9%84-%D8%A8%D9%8A%D9%86-%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%AA%D9%85%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%AF-%D8%AA%D9%88%D8%B3%D9%91%D8%B9-%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%A6%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A8%D9%81%D9%8A%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%B3/2020#.Xpr-HUAzaUl

https://www.businessnews.com.tn/Tunisie—Prorogation-du-confinement,520,97634,3 (https://www.babnet.net/cadredetail-201996.asp

Draft report 1.4-10.4.2020

Cases 10.4.2020 645. 25 deaths

Government interventions

9.4.2020: Prime Minister Elias Al-Fakhakh took a number of additional measures to reduce the quarantine violations and further control the spread of the Corona virus.

Further organizing the process of attributing the permissions to move outside.

Adoption of financial penalties for citizens who do not respect quarantine.

Forbidding transportation and all transfers between governorates and isolating areas declared by the Ministry of Health as affected areas.

Friday, April 10 is an extraordinary holiday to limit the movement to the strict necessity.

The Prime Minister’s office called for the use of force and strictness in implementing the procedures and obligating everyone to implement the quarantine in order to curb the coronavirus spread.

Source:

Authorities are expected to issue a decree regulating financial penalties for breaching public quarantine. In this context, the official spokesperson of the government, Asma Al-Suhairi, confirmed in a statement to Shams FM radio that the penalties that will be adopted will be similar to traffic ones. A bill has been prepared to these penalties as a deterrent step in order to compel citizens to respect the ongoing quarantine. Source Nessmatv/ar

9.4. 2020

The Nessma website reported that the Tunisian Airlines  will evacuate about 120 Tunisians from the airports of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso and Niamey, Niger. The plane is expected to arrive at about eight o’clock this evening, Thursday, to Tunis-Carthage International Airport, passengers will be directed later to their compulsory quarantine state centers.

Source Nessmatv/ar

7.4. 2020. The Prime Ministry office banned inter-governate travel in Tunisia. Quarantine violators could face serious charges if they violate the government’s rules.

3.4.2020. A helpline has been set up to help women who are victims of domestic violence and assaults due to the lockdown.

2.4.2020. The president announced that Tunisia will extend a lockdown to contain the spread of the coronavirus by two weeks to April 19.

2.4.2020 The Transport Technical Agency announced the decision to extend the validity documents such as operating certificates for public transport buses, individual taxis and rural transport.

1.4.2020. Enova has manufactured robots that are put up in Tunisia to track people’s movement and ask people where they are going during the lockdown

Links:

https://www.mosaiquefm.net/ar/

https://english.alaraby.co.uk/english/news/2020/4/7/tunisia-warns-coronavirus-lockdown-violators-could-face-manslaughter-charges

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/coronavirus-tunisia-robot-lockdown-tunis-a9439001.html

https://directinfo.webmanagercenter.com/2020/04/02/tunisie-lagence-technique-de-transport-terrestre-annonce-une-serie-de-mesures/

https://www.mosaiquefm.net/ar/%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%86%D8%B3-%D8%A3%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D9%88%D8%B7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9/720439/%D9%83%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%88%D9%86%D8%A7-10-%D8%A3%D9%81%D8%B1%D9%8A%D9%84-%D8%B9%D8%B7%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%AB%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%A6%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%88%D9%85%D9%86%D8%B9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%86%D9%82%D9%84-%D8%A8%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%AA

https://www.shemsfm.net/amp/ar/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1_%D8%A3%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%86%D8%B3_%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%88%D8%B7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9/246729/%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%A7%D8%B9-%D8%B9%D8%AF%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A8%D9%83%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%88%D9%86%D8%A7-%D8%A5%D9%84%D9%89-628-%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%A7

https://www.nessma.tv/ar/%D8%A3%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D9%88%D8%B7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9/actu/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%AA%D8%AC%D9%84%D9%8A-120-%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%86%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%85%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%AC%D8%B1-%D9%88-%D8%A8%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%83%D9%8A%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%81%D8%A7%D8%B3%D9%88/211440

Draft report 1.3.2020-31.3.2020

Government approach

30.3. 2020. Confirmed cases in Tunisia: 312.

30.3.2020. Between 22-26.3.2020 people who were caught outside with a transportation mean (motorbike, car) saw their bikes confiscated or their car and driving licenses confiscated.

27.3. 2020. The police started confiscating cars from drivers who did not have a valid motive (buying essentials, buying medicine, or official authorization) to use them during the quarantine (source to be confirmed by team member).

27.3. 2020. 7 deaths, 1 recovery.

22. 3. 2020. Established a quarantine also called total General confinement for all citizens.

The government has closed borders for all commercial travel.

18.3.2020. The president declared that the army will patrol the streets and curfew will run from 6pm to 6am local time.

16.3.2020: The Minister of Transport and Logistics announced that his department is ready to suspend public transport and interurban transport if this will be needed. Anyone who is not forced to use public transportation should avoid it instantly.

13.3. 2020: The Prime Minister has banned gatherings and markets. State employees should work 5 hours, at different shifts. All flights to Italy will be suspended and ordered mandatory self-isolation of 14 days for all those arriving in the country. All classes in all kindergartens and day nurseries as well as public and private schools and universities are closed, including mosques.

11.3. 2020. Passengers will be provided with soap/sanitizers at stations and on transport, and agents will be given necessary work supplies, e.g gloves. The government is ensuring the cleanliness of transportation by land, sea and air, and sterilization, if necessary. There are teams at the main transport stations to investigate suspected cases (source team member to be confirmed)

10.3.2020. The Office for Merchant Marine and Ports (OMMP-under the ministry of public works) announced in a statement on Tuesday that Tunisian ports will be closed to ships from Italy, starting 11.3- 4.4. 2020.

Other/transport associations

30.3. Individuals in parts of the city have protested in front of the headquarters in one of the poorer neighbourhoods of Tunis during the lockdown. They are asking for permission to carry on with their daily activities to be able to feed their families.

21.3. 2020. The Tunisian union of individual taxis has allowed doctors, army forces, national security agents and some special cases to move for free. They will be allowed to run during the curfew from 6 pm to 6 am.

19.3.2020. The team informs us that there are massive queues (their own observations) of people waiting for busses due the curfew. One team member observed that there is a lot of tension, since people cannot afford to stay at home and not work. Our in-country team has informed us that pensions are being distributed directly to the elderly and their homes [instead of via post offices]. People need to travel more to shop due to shortages of food. Buses from Monastir have stopped coming in and out to limit people commuting.

16.3. 2020. Our in-country team members have stopped face-to-face fieldwork.

14.3. 2020. Syndicat National des Journalistes Tunisiens: Will provide transportation for employees, and tolerate work from home in some cases. The organisation recommends citizens to avoid crowds, respect the recommendations of the ministry of health, avoid infected people and comply with self-isolation.

12.3. 2020. Transtu has set up temperature equipment at the main stations of the capital (Le Passage, Barcelona Square, TGM) to detect possible cases of coronavirus, and are cleaning buses and wagons.

11.3. 2020. The municipality of Tunis lead a campaign to disinfect stations of public transport Le Passage, Place Barcelona and the TGM. Transtu is content with running awareness campaigns.

Useful weblinks for more info:

https://africanarguments.org/2020/03/30/coronavirus-in-africa-tracker-how-many-cases-and-where-latest/

https://www.tap.info.tn/en/Portal-Economy/12432694-coronavirus

https://www.aa.com.tr/en/africa/tunisias-death-toll-from-coronavirus-rises-to-3/1774807

https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/coronavirus-tunisia-close-borders-combat-virus-spread

https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/coronavirus-tunisia-imposes-night-curfew-bid-halt-spread-virus

https://www.aa.com.tr/en/africa/tunisia-confirms-first-death-from-coronavirus/1772463

Coronavirus : Haro sur le transport public en Tunisie

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/proactive-tunisia-gears-battle-coronavirus-200316165511731.html

https://www.garda.com/crisis24/news-alerts/319331/tunisia-health-minister-confirms-first-covid-19-case-march-2

Covid-19: l’Union tunisienne des taxis individuels apporte son aide aux médecins et aux forces de sécurité

https://www.businessnews.com.tn/covid-19–anouar-maarouf-en-visite-a-la-station-de-tunis-marine,520,96224,3

Coronavirus en Tunisie: Vers la suspension du transport en commun

http://french.xinhuanet.com/afrique/2020-03/11/c_138864007.htm

La Tunisie en pleine guerre contre le coronavirus : Eviter le pire scénario !

https://www.leconomistemaghrebin.com/2020/03/14/covid-19-les-recommandations-de-la-snjt-aux-medias-et-aux-journalistes/

http://www.rtci.tn/transport-regulier-personnes-en-tunisie-se-retrouve-au-coeur-du-debat/

https://m.facebook.com/KapitalisInfo/posts/3040013859364265

http://tounesnanews.com/2020/03/14/covid-19-le-ministre-du-transport-appelle-les-societes-et-les-employeurs-a-modifier-les-horaires-de-travail/.

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